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October 15, 2008
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 Hi Katherine! - Posted By: Jo

This is Jo Anne!! I am excited that you can come on Friday!

Jo Anne

August 11, 2009 | 16:30:59

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 Aiding Travelers Crossing the Terrain of Transformation! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor


Aiding Travelers Crossing the Terrain of Transformation!
(Out of the Cold Program at St. Michael – The Personal Reflection of a Spiritual Traveler)
By
T. Kofi Hadjor,
Key words: Homeless, Traveler, Marathon Runner, Respite, Communion and Renewal

In from the Storm of Existence and the Cold!

Every year, from November through early April, an eternal ritual is commemorated in the basement of St. Michael’s School facility at 66 Bond Street. The ritual of offering a refuge to weary travelers.

We detour from the path of our journey (in search for help, solutions and meaning) to St. Michael. We come from all directions, pulled by the magnetic force that is the program at St. Michael’s. We come because, unlike the many false starts we have experienced over the course of the week and since our last visit, St. Michael is a sure bet. We can count on what St. Michael has promised and delivered to our caravan of travelers for many years, with compassion, courtesy and love. We come to shelter from the initiatory storms of existence.

Drawing it’s vision from the teachings of Christ, the Out of the Cold program provides refuge for travelers who are homeless or those on social assistance who have run out of money and have nothing eat. Then there is the rare visitor who comes on Saturday morning to quietly partake in the celebration of communion in solidarity with the weary travelers who, by this time, are about to return to their well traveled path, trapped in the vicious cycle of the search that has no guarantees like those of the St. Michael’s program.

Beginning with the ritual celebration of communion on Friday night, the travelers retire for well needed rest. During this time there are visited by varied dreams. Enveloped by the night, they may have uplifting dreams; some may be visited by recurring nightmares of their journey. Whatever their dreams, they get rest to renew them for what lies ahead. With clockwork, around 7 am, with the rising Sun on the south eastern horizon, the dormitory is converted into a dining hall. The dedicated volunteers ready to serve communion to the travelers who have just woke up from their sleep. We receive breakfast and a lunch bag to take with us as we leave the refuge to continue our journey.

You cannot help but wonder about what motivates the tireless volunteers who give up their Friday and Saturday to attend to the Travelers. Whatever their motivation, I am guided by the charge the illustrious one from Galilee; to love the Lord thy god with all their heart, with all their soul, with all thy might and to love your neighbor as yourself!

Following this dictum, the volunteers perform the ritual of washing the feet of the disciples. They ritually cleanse the mattresses on which unclean travelers have slept. Then they clean the dirty tables, empty the garbage, clean the kitchen and perhaps do many other things behind the scene invisible to the travelers. They do all this without payment, with only the occasional expression of gratitude coming from those been served.

But such is the lot of the awakened soul. You receive without payment so you give without payment. Thus by grace they receive, they give in grace. Such is the practical teaching of St. Michael’s Out of the Cold program. It is a nursery that promotes the promise of what is to come; a world rooted in the eternal vision of creation. A world in which the will of creation as expressed in the universe is embraced and lived by humans!

Doing this requires that there are visionary builders like the volunteers of St. Michael’s Out of the Cold Program who are prepared to live the tenets of the call of paradise. They are willing to invest in showing a darkened world the glimpse of what an enlightened world can be like; protecting and aiding the frail, the weak and those stranded on the initiatory path of life.

For in doing so they know that the marathon runner will always call at the feeding station for nourishment and refreshment. So they are willing to provide it to people who on the surface may appear to be strangers. But those with discerning eyes, when they look deeper, will find the treasure of Christ’s teaching; that the traveler is me and I am him/her. The traveler is a mirror reflection of myself and is in fact me.

Extending help to people (all things) at the critical moment of need is to partake in the holiest of gestures; to facilitate the crossing into a higher state of being. A confirmation that hope will always triumph over despair; a confirmation that the wheel of fortune always delivers as promised. That as it was in the beginning so it shall be forever and ever, Amen!

Contact Information
Website: Green Pastures Society http://greenpasturessociety.org
Website: Universe Africa http://universeafrica.com
Email greenpasturessociety@yahoo.ca
Email info@universeafrica.com
Blog Address http://zircorn.tigblog.org/


July 15, 2009 | 07:01:19

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 World AIDS Day - Posted By: Prince Charles Jiduwah

Dec 01 is World AIDS Day


According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.2 million people living with HIV, including 2.5 million children. During 2007 some 2.5 million people became newly infected with the virus. Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do so before they are 25 and are killed by AIDS before they are 35.

Around 95% of people with HIV/AIDS live in developing nations. But HIV today is a threat to men, women and children on all continents around the world.

Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. World AIDS Day is important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done

Lets Join hands to eradicate HIV/AIDS.................FULL STOP

Charles Kash Jiduwah
Durector. Delta Change Network (DCN)

December 1, 2008 | 21:14:39

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 Hope You'd Understand - Posted By: Ely Concord III

To love is something which we always want, but to be loved is always something that we need… There’s a single moment in time where you meet the person that you’ll love most, where you’ll be ready to undergo the process of love again; after which, if all else fails comes the process of mending a broken heart. The feeling of security being at the side of the person you love makes all the difference. The feeling of contentment and happiness comes about your way, but sometimes when all your thoughts would prove to be just mere thoughts all the while, nothing more nothing less, or in a simple manner, when your thoughts of that person already having something special for you would end up to be a discovery that it’s only his/her simple way of being friends, will surely make you depart from your fairytale dream.

It’s really hard to understand someone, it’s harder to love someone you don’t understand, but the hardest thing is trying to understand something and someone just for the sake of love, using your heart to think… Self-sacrifice may be a good thing, but sometimes we tend to forget that life must go on even if we didn’t have what we always wanted, even if we didn’t meet our expectations, and even if we’ve had faulty assumptions. We will never really know what happened, why things went on that way or why that person whom you think you knew well just rejected you as if nothing was treasured. It’s really hard to love, very painful to get hurt… we can’t do anything about it, no one can…

This is my story on how I loved, assumed, and got hurt. I never really knew what happened, not until now. All I could ever remember is waking up one day already having that special feeling intended for the person whom I already considered my best friend… Self-denial came about my mind. I could never accept the fact that I have fallen in love with my friend in such a manner that it wasn’t already expecting mere friendship in return, but love… It didn’t go well, I tried to hide it but I couldn’t. My actions already spoke louder than my words. I have loved that person, yes, it came; I was ready for anything that could happen, including loosing that person. I’ve just had that one major conviction in life that made things go my way, “it was never wrong to love and it wasn’t and never will be my fault to fall in love…” I may have loved that person too much that there were times when I’ve already forgotten myself, when I already had the intuition of giving everything just to make that person happy. I was happier though, having that person with me, but not until the day when things must already be placed in the right order… The moment of truth, the moment when I knew that everything we’ve been through will all just be put into nothingness… I have loved, I was hurt… but it wasn’t my fault…

People often times are just like that, sometimes they love secretly, which of course hurts more… Good thing, if you are also loved in return, worst is when you come to realize that you have been forcing yourself to hide something which you know you could never hide… Never assume, expect less, don’t give too much, and never deny the things that come your way; follow this and you’ll have a better outcome… Heartaches and pain is just a normal part of being loved and of loving, but dying a slow death is too much for it… Never lie to yourself because you’re fooling no one, love if you need to, as long as you can… Just smile at life’s punch lines which literally hurt, never laugh because you might be carried away… Love is not a problem, it’s a solution, the only problem that it could possibly bring is when to use it, where to use it, and to whom you will be using it… That’s love after all…

That was my story, partly over, but hasn’t yet begun… This is another chapter of my life left unfinished, blinded by all the heartaches and pain that was brought about… I never ever thought that it wasn’t meant to be, because after all, I’ve learned something and knew that person even more. It wasn’t worth it, that person doesn’t deserve my love, but still I love that person, nothing more nothing less… I’m just simply being me amidst what I feel for “you…” Hope you’d understand…


November 2, 2008 | 10:23:34

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 Reminisce - Posted By: Ely Concord III

Yesterday is beyond a million tomorrows and treasured greater than today. For time may be responsible to stop but nevertheless it makes simple things our greatest treasures. The joys of an unfading heart, the essence of an undying smile, the comfort of a loving soul, and the presence of an honest friend makes life the most wonderful thing on the planet… How sad it is to reminisce our yesterdays, our yonder years, the time when our first hello’s was made, when our first shed of tears fell from our eyes, where our smile captivated a heart… How sad it is to think back, look back, and remember the treasures of the past… Behold, here I am now, here I am yesterday, here I am tomorrow… here I am forever…

Our good old friends our good old self, the magic that binds us still together eventhough we’re distance apart. Eventhough our worlds has changed our paths separated, and our dreams fulfilled… This is still us, in flesh and blood, just like yesterday playing around, falling in love, falling apart… It never did really end, our friendship, but friends do fade away… “You look familiar, have we met before?” Ouch! But it’s the fact of life, people do come and go… remember, and then later forgets… Time change, people do, the world do, and eve the names do change. Time may have healed our sorrows but it never did make us forget. Thou life and time has bestowed upon us a wonderful person, life and time would also take it back, it’s just our loving memories that is left, treasured, and sometimes forgotten. The world's full of heartaches and problems, and if it isn’t, we will never have to treasure small things, and we will never know the true meaning of what it is to really live and have a friend…

We reminisce because we do want the same comfort again that we once had, we do want time to go back to correct the mistakes we’ve made from the past, but it’s just too impossible, we live straight on forwards, sometimes a little turn to the left and sometimes to the right… but never backwards… and that is the saddest part of life… Let’s face it! Today is here, tomorrow’s on its way and yesterday’s over… It’s time to move on, time to go on straight forward, and time to keep our simple treasures deep in our hearts but never to hold us back… It’s time, for the time has come and it goes…

It’s really sad to reminisce, those wonderful smiles that we’ve seen, that captivated our heart and soul, that touched and changed our lives… it’s really sad but it’s worth a lifetime… Let us learn to appreciate simple things, even by just someone’s hello and even by just someone’s point of saying goodbye… Let us go on with our lives eventhough we’re not together anymore, but sure do the magic’s still there that binds us, and until that time that our roads may meet again, we reminisce of the past, we’re who we used to be, friends, lovers, and merely players in the game of time… we reminisce and it’s the most wonderful thing to do… to bring back the old times…


November 2, 2008 | 09:47:06

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 Comme un mauvais vent - Posted By: code

Libreville, capitale gabonaise est devenue depuis un bon moment déjà ,le siège,sinon la scène exhibitoire de plusieurs gens sans scrupule ,que l'on appelle communément mendiant. En effet,ces derniers aux membres souvent complets et à la reflexion toujours opérationelle ont désormais le malin plaisir de se poster dans des zones à forte fréquentation pour exercer leur métier en toute quiétude. Ainsi, quand ils ne font pas semblant d'être aveugle, ils font semblant de s'appuyer sur des béquilles ,afin de susciter la compation,sinoin la pitié autour d'eux. Devenant de plus en plus "système D" pour les plus faibles,cette pratique est animée par des humains de différents nationalités; des nationaux y ont eux aussi trouvé refuge. Du marché de Mont bouet (le plus grand du pays) ,aux petits marchés de quartiers,en passant par les feux tricolors et les supers marchés, ils sont là et font même de leur mieux pour se faire remarquer.
Situation très inquiétante quand on connaît désormais l'ampleur du phénomène. En effet,ce phénemène de mendicité ne se limite pas que dans la capitale gabonaise, on notera la paticipation des fous et des vulnérables de Port gentil ( capitale économique), Mouila, Tchibanga ,Ndende ,Konoville ( village du Nord du pays) pour ne citer que ceux-là. Voilà bien une situation qui n'arrange pas l'image de notre tout petit riche pays .Pour exemple, pas plus tard que ce matin ,en descendant d'un taxi bus,des mendiants en comité d'acceuil attendaient les clients devant la portière avec des assiettes vides qu'ils agittaient comme pour manifester une demande. Scénario assez frustrant quand on sait par exemple que dans nos poches les pièces sont comptées. En plus des forces de l'ordre ,il s'ajoutent maintenant des mendiants pour arnaquer les piétons comme les automobilistes à tout bout de champ.
En outre, face à un refus d'offrir parce que situation financière nous obligeant,faut-il y voir
une offence à Dieu? C'est très difficile de se supporter entre pauvre. Car ,le pouvoir d'achat de la majorité des gabonais étant faible (par rapport aux prix élevés de produits de première nécessité) ,la solidarité entre pauvre se voir bien réduite. Que peut donc faire le Ministère des affaires sociales face à cette situation? Se montrant transparent face à celà, le peuple ne peut que regarder avec amertume les manifestation de la pauvreté. À-t-on pensé à un moment donné à la psychologie des enfants face à ces scènes répétitives et gênantes? Pourque demain soit meilleur qu'aujourd'hui ,il faut à nos politiques une implication concrète dans la vie communautaire d'aujourd'hui.
Que chacun prenne ses responsabilités afin que de tels comportements fassent juste parti de l'histoire. Car ces sont bien les ratés qui construisent l'histoire de tout pays.

October 31, 2008 | 11:06:02

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 renvois par l’Espagne de mineurs non accompagnés - Posted By: Gael SORO

[BRUXELLES, le 17 octobre 2008] – L’accélération des renvois par l’Espagne de mineurs non accompagnés entrés illégalement dans le pays pourrait les mettre en danger et leur faire courir des risques de mauvais traitements et de mise en détention, a déclaré Human Rights Watch dans un nouveau rapport. Le gouvernement doit interrompre ces rapatriements jusqu’à la mise en place d’un processus garantissant le bien-être des enfants et, dans l’immédiat, il doit leur donner le même accès à un avocat indépendant que celui accordé aux migrants adultes par la loi espagnole.

Le rapport de 25 pages, Retours à tout prix : L’Espagne pousse au rapatriement de mineurs non accompagnés en l’absence de garanties, indique que les autorités d’Andalousie, région du sud qui sert de point d’entrée aux migrants, ont déclaré qu’elles comptaient renvoyer au Maroc 1 000 mineurs non accompagnés placés sous leur garde, affirmant que toutes les garanties sont en place. Les fonctionnaires n’ont cependant pas été en mesure d’expliquer en quoi le retour vers leur pays d’origine représentait l’intérêt supérieur de ces enfants, ainsi que l'exige la loi. Ils ont par ailleurs affirmé que l’engagement du gouvernement marocain de reprendre les enfants est en soi une garantie suffisante de leur bien-être après leur retour.

« L’Espagne prend des risques avec la sécurité de ces enfants », a déclaré Simone Troller, chercheuse sur les droits des enfants en Europe pour Human Rights Watch. « Pourquoi refuser à ces mineurs particulièrement vulnérables les garanties supplémentaires dont jouissent les migrants adultes, notamment le droit d'accès à un avocat indépendant ? »

Le 20 octobre 2008, l’Espagne doit comparaître devant le Comité des droits de l’Homme des Nation Unies qui examinera la mise en œuvre par le gouvernement du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques (PIRDCP). Dans son rapport officiel au Comité, cependant, le gouvernement espagnol ne mentionne pas son empressement à rapatrier les enfants qui entrent dans le pays sans être accompagnés par leurs parents ou un adulte responsable, bien que les recherches effectuées par Human Rights Watch et d’autres organisations démontrent qu’en les renvoyant, le gouvernement viole régulièrement leurs droits tels qu’ils sont stipulés dans les dispositions du PIRDCP.

Les chercheurs de Human Rights Watch ont découvert que lors de la prise de décision de rapatrier un enfant, les fonctionnaires du gouvernement ne procèdent pas à une analyse, ni même une collecte d'informations sur ce qui pourrait arriver à ces enfants dans leur pays d'origine. Dans de nombreux cas, les mineurs ne sont pas autorisés à être entendus alors même qu’ils font l’objet d’une procédure de renvoi. Au cours des deux dernières années, les tribunaux espagnols ont bloqué plus d'une vingtaine de rapatriements qui étaient en contravention avec les lois du pays.

Alors que l’Espagne fournit des avocats aux adultes confrontés à la déportation, elle refuse toute aide juridique aux mineurs. En fait, ces derniers sont représentés par l’organisme même qui propose de les déporter. Le gouvernement a essayé de faire obstacle au travail d’avocats bénévoles qui ont fait appel pour un petit nombre d’enfants.

« Plus que tout autre migrant, les mineurs qui viennent seuls en Espagne ont besoin d’avocats pour protéger leurs intérêts », a remarqué Mme Troller. « L’Espagne doit leur fournir une aide judiciaire, comme elle le fait pour les adultes. »

La plupart de ces enfants non accompagnés viennent du Maroc. L’accélération par l’Espagne du renvoi des mineurs non accompagnés au Maroc et au Sénégal, autre pays dont sont originaires des centaines de mineurs non accompagnés arrivés aux îles Canaries, l'a amenée à conclure des accords bilatéraux de réadmission ; ces accords ont été suivis de rencontres au plus haut niveau avec les deux pays. L’Espagne a également financé la construction, au Maroc, de centres d’accueil et d’hébergement pour enfants.

Human Rights Watch ainsi que d’autres organisations non gouvernementales internationales et espagnoles ont étayé avec des documents les abus dont sont victimes les mineurs non accompagnés pendant et après leur retour, en Espagne comme au Maroc. Au lieu de réunir les enfants avec leurs familles, les forces de sécurité marocaines les ont laissés à la rue et abandonnés à eux-mêmes.

« Avant de prendre la décision de les renvoyer, l’Espagne doit enquêter sur la situation qui attend ces enfants après leur retour », a insisté Mme Troller.

Human Rights Watch appelle l’Espagne à :

fournir à tous les mineurs non accompagnés une aide juridique indépendante et compétente, et ce pendant toute la durée de la procédure ;
adopter une législation, accompagnée de procédures obligatoires et de normes, qui indique clairement l'obligation du gouvernement de déterminer à titre individuel l'intérêt supérieur d’un enfant et les risques qu’il encourt avant de prendre la décision de le rapatrier ; et
mettre en place des mécanismes de surveillance indépendante et de communication de rapports sur la mise en œuvre des accords de réadmission relatifs aux mineurs non accompagnés avec le Maroc et le Sénégal.




October 30, 2008 | 03:48:03

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 Le Rapport sur la santé - Posted By: Gael SORO

14 octobre 2008] - Le Rapport sur la santé dans le monde 2008, évalue de manière critique la façon dont les soins de santé sont organisés, financés et dispensés dans les pays riches et dans les pays pauvres de par le monde. Ce rapport de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) rend compte d'un certain nombre d'échecs et d'insuffisances qui ont introduits des déséquilibres dangereux dans l'état de santé de différentes populations, tant à l'intérieur des pays qu'entre eux.

“Le Rapport sur la santé dans le monde décrit un moyen de venir à bout de l'inégalité et de l'inefficacité des soins de santé et ses recommandations doivent être prises en compte,” a déclaré le Directeur général de l'OMS, Margaret Chan, lors du lancement du rapport à Almaty, au Kazakhstan. “Un monde fortement déséquilibré en matière de santé n'est ni stable ni sûr.”

Le rapport intitulé Les soins de santé primaires – maintenant plus que jamais commémore le 30e anniversaire de la Conférence internationale d'Alma-Ata sur les soins de santé primaires qui s'est tenue en 1978. Cet événement fut le premier à inscrire l'équité en matière de santé au projet politique international.

Inégalités criantes

Au terme d'un vaste examen de la situation, ce rapport a mis en évidence des inégalités criantes en matière de résultats sanitaires, d'accès aux soins et de coût des soins de santé pour les patients. Les différences d'espérance de vie entre les pays les plus riches et les plus pauvres dépasse désormais 40 ans. Sur les quelque 136 millions de femmes qui accoucheront cette année, près de 58 millions ne bénéficieront d'aucune assistance médicale ni pendant l'accouchement ni après, ce qui met en jeu leurs vies et celles de leurs nourrissons.

Sur le plan mondial, les dépenses publiques de santé varient entre 20 dollars par personne et par an et plus de 6000 dollars. Pour 5.6 milliards d'habitants de pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire, plus de la moitié des dépenses de santé se fait par paiement direct.

Avec l'augmentation des coûts de la santé et la désorganisation des systèmes de protection financière, les dépenses personnelles de santé poussent désormais chaque année 100 millions de personnes sous le seuil de pauvreté.

Des différences considérables en matière de santé existent à l'intérieur des pays et parfois au sein d'une même ville. À Nairobi, par exemple, le taux de mortalité des moins de cinq ans est inférieur à 15 pour mille dans les quartiers à revenu élevé. Dans une zone de taudis de la même ville, ce taux atteint 254 pour mille.

“Une mortalité maternelle, infantile et des moins de cinq ans élevée révèle un manque d'accès à des services de base tels que l'approvisionnement en eau propre et l'assainissement, la vaccination et une nutrition appropriée,” a déclaré la Directrice générale de l'UNICEF, Ann M. Veneman. “Des soins de santé primaires incluant des services intégrés au niveau de la collectivité peuvent contribuer à améliorer la santé et à sauver des vies.”



October 30, 2008 | 03:46:40

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 La pauvrété chez les enafnts - Posted By: Gael SORO

Sur l’esplanade des grandes surfaces du district d’Abidjan à savoir ; d’Abobo gare en face de la mairie, Adjamé marché, le grand carrefour de Koumassi, à la riviera 2 , Cocody centre , plateaux centre , à la gare de bus sud et nord ,etc. Vous trouverez un peuple migrateur d’où personne ne pourra vous informer de quels pays sont –ils car d’aucuns disent qu’ils ont Ethiopiens, Toureg maliens ou nigériens ; je pense qu’ils en sont les seuls à pouvoir répondre.

Ces belles personnes, de teints métissés, vêtues de boubou. Ayant pour métier ou vocation la mendicité dont vous trouverez aussi tout âge de 4 ans à 60 ans. Parmi ces personnes, on ne voit très peu d’hommes, plutôt de femmes et de nombreux enfants qui sembleraient ne pas bénéficier d’une bonne aura auprès de la population.

Ces enfants mendiants sont employés de leur mère génitrice. Lorsque vous circulez et que vous les croisiez ; le petit garçon ou la petite fillette s’accroche à votre bras et tout de suite : tu lui remets une pièce et dès l’instant, il la remet à sa mère. Ces enfants tombent par moment sur des personnes scélérates qui ne leur fait pas de cadeaux : une petite bastonnade, un rejet, une humiliation vraiment toute forme de discrimination dont une personne peut victime.

De mes propres vues, la mère frappait son enfant avec un chapelet islamique sous prétexte que l’enfant devait mendier que de s’assoir au près d’elle alors qu’il faisait 33 degrés ce jour là.
La convention des nations unies relative aux droits de l’enfant dans son article article 32 stipule :

LE DROIT A LA PROTECTION CONTRE L’EXPLOITATION * Tu dois être protégé contre l’exploitation. Nul ne peut t’obliger à accomplir un travail dangereux ou nuisant à ton éducation, à ta santé et à ton développement. * Les Etats prendront toutes les mesures nécessaires pour te protéger. a) ils fixeront un âge minimum à partir duquel tu pourras travailler, b) ils établiront des règlements concernant les heures et les conditions de travail, c) ils puniront ceux qui ne respecteront pas ces règles. J’aurai un échange avec ce peuple très bientôt malgré l’incompréhension qui pourrait exister. C’est aberrant, lorsqu’un enfant est obligé de travailler ou mendier avant d’avoir accès à un repas bien doré. En ce qui concerne les dangers auxquels ces enfants sont confrontés ou seront confrontés est qu’ à Abidjan , il ya de très mauvais automobilistes comme les chauffeurs de woro-woro , de gbakas (taxis ou mimi cars intercommunaux) qui n’ont aucune respectabilité pour les piétons.


October 28, 2008 | 06:29:39

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 Mendier avant de manger - Posted By: Gael SORO

Sur l’esplanade des grandes surfaces du district d’Abidjan à savoir ; d’Abobo gare en face de la mairie, Adjamé marché, le grand carrefour de Koumassi, à la riviera 2 , Cocody centre , plateaux centre , à la gare de bus sud et nord ,etc. Vous trouverez un peuple migrateur d’où personne ne pourra vous informer de quels pays sont –ils car d’aucuns disent qu’ils ont Ethiopiens, Toureg maliens ou nigériens ; je pense qu’ils en sont les seuls à pouvoir répondre.

Ces belles personnes, de teints métissés, vêtues de boubou. Ayant pour métier ou vocation la mendicité dont vous trouverez aussi tout âge de 4 ans à 60 ans. Parmi ces personnes, on ne voit très peu d’hommes, plutôt de femmes et de nombreux enfants qui sembleraient ne pas bénéficier d’une bonne aura auprès de la population.

Ces enfants mendiants sont employés de leur mère génitrice. Lorsque vous circulez et que vous les croisiez ; le petit garçon ou la petite fillette s’accroche à votre bras et tout de suite : tu lui remets une pièce et dès l’instant, il la remet à sa mère. Ces enfants tombent par moment sur des personnes scélérates qui ne leur fait pas de cadeaux : une petite bastonnade, un rejet, une humiliation vraiment toute forme de discrimination dont une personne peut victime.

De mes propres vues, la mère frappait son enfant avec un chapelet islamique sous prétexte que l’enfant devait mendier que de s’assoir au près d’elle alors qu’il faisait 33 degrés ce jour là.
La convention des nations unies relative aux droits de l’enfant dans son article article 32 stipule :

LE DROIT A LA PROTECTION CONTRE L’EXPLOITATION * Tu dois être protégé contre l’exploitation. Nul ne peut t’obliger à accomplir un travail dangereux ou nuisant à ton éducation, à ta santé et à ton développement. * Les Etats prendront toutes les mesures nécessaires pour te protéger. a) ils fixeront un âge minimum à partir duquel tu pourras travailler, b) ils établiront des règlements concernant les heures et les conditions de travail, c) ils puniront ceux qui ne respecteront pas ces règles. J’aurai un échange avec ce peuple très bientôt malgré l’incompréhension qui pourrait exister. C’est aberrant, lorsqu’un enfant est obligé de travailler ou mendier avant d’avoir accès à un repas bien doré. En ce qui concerne les dangers auxquels ces enfants sont confrontés ou seront confrontés est qu’ à Abidjan , il ya de très mauvais automobilistes comme les chauffeurs de woro-woro , de gbakas (taxis ou mimi cars intercommunaux) qui n’ont aucune respectabilité pour les piétons.


October 28, 2008 | 06:25:15

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 SAVE OUR FUTURE FROM POVERTY. - Posted By: DAN

The world speak of globalization while poverty is eating deep into the fabrics of people like cancerous cells.
Poverty is the state of the majority of the world" population and Nation. It is a limitation that has caged more than half of the world citizen. It has create discripancy between the rich and the poor. Well abled people that would have made adifference in their community today are seen roaming the street because of nothing to do. Children who would have made better grade, do exploits tomorrow have been lost in the ocean of darkness. Prostitution, child trade, child abuse, hacking, famine, wars, robbering are on the increase on a daily basis today because of poverty.
Who will bring smiles to the face of this children? Who will speak to the Government to help give the right of the citizen a great priority.


October 17, 2008 | 19:45:30

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 Blog Action Day ماذا نفعل تجاه الفقر - Posted By: Maged Hassan



هذه الأيام لا تطالعنا نشرات الأخبار إلا بأحداث الأزمة التي تمر بها البورصات العالمية والمصارف الكبرى والكارثة التي تلم بالاقتصاد العالمي مما قد "يهدد" من رفاهية المواطنين! وقد غطى هذا الحديث على حقائق يعرفها الجميع منها أن مئات الملايين حول العالم يعيشون بدخل يومي يقل عن دولار وأن عشرات اللآلاف (أغلبهم من الأطفال) يموتون يوميا جراء سوء التغذية أو ضعف الرعاية الصحية في بلدانهم النامية. وحينما نسمع أن الولايات المتحدة تنفق مليون دولار كل 3 دقائق في عملياتها العسكرية في العراق فإن الكثير منا سيصل إلى نتيجة حتمية أن لا شيء بيدنا نحن المواطنين العاديين في الوطن العربي. ولكن البعض الآخر (وأنا منهم) لا زال يؤمن أن كل فرد فينا بيده شيء (وشيء كبير) ليفعله حيال هذه القضية الخطيرة. وحتى ونحن نرى الدول العربية النفطية تستثمر جل أموالها في الغرب، فإن هذا لا يعني أن من هم بعيدون عن السلطة مسلوبو القدرة على فعل شيء.
إن الزكاة وهي من الأركان الأصلية للإسلام تستهدف هذه المشكلة من جذرها وبصورة مباشرة وهي أعلى صور التكافل الاجتماعي التي حينما يلتزم بها كل شخص، يرتقى المجتمع بأسره اقتصاديا – هذا بخصوص الحل المباشر. لكن هناك أيضا عشرات وربما مئات التصرفات التي يقوم بها كل فرد منا ولا يجد منها ضرر يذكر ويكون تأثيرها الجماعي كارثيا. وإذا استطاع كل منا أن يغير وجهة النظر هذه (بضآلة أثره كفرد على مجتمع بأسره) في نفسه وفي من حوله فإن هذا من رأيي يكون أنجع حل لمشكلة الفقر ولمعظم مشكلات وطننا العربي.
فعلى سبيل المثال هنال مئات الآلاف من الشباب في مصر يدخنون وقد يرى كل واحد منهم هأن فقط يؤذي نفسه ولكن الفاتورة الإجمالية للتدخين في مصر (حسب إحصائات عام 2005) هي 17 مليار جنيه. أي أن عادة واحدة ذميمة تكلف بلد كمصر أكثر من ضعف ميزانيتها السنوية للصحة والتعليم مجتمعتين! مثال آخر – عندما يذهب أحدنا ليشترى سلعة ما (طعام، ملابس، إلخ) فإن الغالبية الساحقة منا لا تجعل اختيارها الأول للمنتج الوطني وإنما يكون الاختيار إما للشركات ذائعة الصيت (عند الميسورين) أو للبضائع الأقل ثمنا. ويمكنك أن تجري على هذين المثالين، عشرات بل آلاف الأمثلة الأخرى. المابلغة في شراء الأطعمة التي لا نحتاجها في رمضان والأعياد، الاستهلاك غير الحكيم للكهرباء والماء، التعالي على الفقراء، عدم اتقان العمل والتحجج بضعف المرتبات... إلخ إلخ
فلو أن كل منا بدأ يفكر ولو قليلا فيما يفعله كل يوم وقام بتعديلات بسيطة في أسلوب حياته ودعى أصدقائه وزملائه وعائلته لذلك فإنني موقن بمشيئة الله أننا سنكون أفضل كثيرا ولن نحتاج أن نتسول معونة لا من الغرب ولا من الشرق.


October 15, 2008 | 23:45:53

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 GEO4 y el Día de Acción Blog 2008 - Posted By: Juan Ignacio González Mazziotti

En adhesión al Blog Action Day 2008, hago este posteo sobre Pobreza.
No quedan dudas que la pobreza es un fenómeno complejo multicausal creciente. Su inclusión dentro de las problemáticas socio-ambientales no es casual ni forzada. Al respecto, el último informe del PNUMA de evaluación ambiental integral conocido como GEO 4 dedica el capítulo 7 a esta cuestión, enfatizando la vulnerabilidad de las personas ante los problemas ambientales.
Este capítulo identifica los retos y las oportunidades para mejorar el bienestar humano. Muestra cómo diferentes grupos de personas se enfrentan a riesgos desiguales, cómo algunos estados exportan la vulnerabilidad a otros, el potencial de confl icto o cooperación y los impactos de los peligros naturales. Invertir en tecnología puede reducir la vulnerabilidad, pero en ocasiones aparece la necesidad de "corregir el paradigma de desarrollo centrado en la tecnología". El alivio de la pobreza es fundamental para reducir la vulnerabilidad, y el acceso equitativo a los mercados globales, la posesión asegurada y la protección del sustento son algunas formas de alcanzar tal objetivo. El control mejorado, la aplicación de las medidas de control y la concesión de poder a los más vulnerables proporcionándoles información y facilitándoles la participación en la toma de decisiones son pasos fundamentales. Pero la reducción de la vulnerabilidad no depende sólo de las políticas ambientales. Se puede ayudar a los más vulnerables de una gran variedad de formas, por ejemplo:
- integrando la gestión desde el nivel local al nivel global respaldando las medidas de gestión a todos los niveles;
- integrando las políticas de desarrollo, salud y medioambientales;
- haciendo que el alivio de la pobreza susceptible al género sea un aspecto central de las políticas;
- haciendo que el medio ambiente y la igualdad sean elementos centrales de los sistemas de mercado mundiales;
- reforzando el apoyo fi nanciero y técnico, así como el acceso al aprendizaje;
- mejorando la transferencia de tecnología relevante;
- evaluando los impactos de las políticas sugeridas primero sobre los más vulnerables y mejorando la igualdad en términos
de acceso a los recursos, el capital y el conocimiento.

Para acceder al Informe GEO 4 completo:
http://www.unep.org/GEO

Para mayor información sobre el Action Blog Day 2008:
http://blogactionday.org

October 15, 2008 | 19:52:49

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 KILL POVERTY......SHAME POVERTY - Posted By: smith

SOME FEW PRACTICAL CAUSES OF POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

1. WARS
2. Lack of resources..
3. Misuses of Scares resources
4. Tribal conflicts
5. Greed on the part of the leaders
6. NO UNITY in African extended families
7. IGNORANCE –illiteracy
8. SELFISHNESS
9. Laziness on the part of the Individual
10. Poor educational materials for learning –outmoded(even student who complete cannot directly apply what they learn in their schools in the field
11. Copying blindly most behaviors of developed countries. Especially their music media.
12. Migration

TODAY WE ARE KICKING YOU OUT OF AFRICA FOREVER.....shame poverty!!!!

October 15, 2008 | 16:52:18

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 Blog Action Day 2008: Which side are you on? - Posted By: LauraK

A few years ago when researching for an essay, whose topic I can't remember anymore, I happened across this passage from a book introduction by Russian sociologist Boris Kagarlitsky and economist Alan Freeman:

"... The globalised world is an imperial one: this fact simply conforms to direct daily experience outside the charmed circles of Western economic fortresses."

It really struck me at the time because it seemed like such a fitting description of the state of things. Instead of classic imperialism there is economic imperialism. And the imagery used in the passage - a 'fortress' - really stuck with me. It seemed to describe a world where there are walls dividing those people who belong to 'charmed circles' - and who are safe and certain within these 'economic fortresses' - and those who live outside the walls, with constant uncertainty and no guarantees. At the time I was particularly obsessed with the fact that it seemed to describe me: a relatively safe and happy person with little idea of what daily life is like for those who aren't lucky enough to be a member of the middle-class in a prosperous country like Canada. And today - Blog Action Day - this passage came back to me again, because today thousands of bloggers will be talking about the 'state of things' described by Kagarlitsky and Freeman: the inequality that exists in our world and the extreme poverty that it produces.

Today the 'Western economic fortresses' seem an especially relevant topic, because the fortresses seem to be shaking - stock markets in New York, London, Tokyo, Moscow, Toronto and elsewhere have spent the last week fluctuating at rates that have never been seen before. This doesn't necessarily mean that the sun is going to stop shining on any of the 'charmed circles' described by Kagarlitsky and Freeman- actually those most affected and hardest hit by an 'economic slowdown', or 'global recession', or 'global financial heart attack', will most likely be those already living with poverty. The same answer applies to the global problems of rising food prices, climate change, and global health threats - like HIV and AIDS, malaria or TB. [Of course calling them 'Western' economic fortresses ignores the poverty that exists inside what are traditionally referred to as 'Western' countries, and there are definitely those living with poverty in both rich and poor countries alike.]

I don't have a particular solution to propose, or action that I think everyone should take, except - if you haven't already - recognizing which side of that divide you might be on. For me, recognizing that was a big step towards getting more informed on the causes of poverty, the proposed solutions, and the biggest threats. Obviously there isn't any big miraculous solution to the issue, but there is always something you can do as an individual, even if it is as simple as recognizing your place within the greater state of things. I think the more you understand about a topic like poverty - not just globally, but within your own community - the more you'll be able to effectively contribute when that opportunity comes along for you to be part of a solution.

[The passage I quoted is from the book 'The Politics of Empire: Globalization in Crisis', pg 27 of the Introduction by Boris Kagarlitsky and Alan Freeman]



October 15, 2008 | 16:07:55

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 KILL POVERTY...!!!!!! KILLING CAUSES OF POVERTY - Posted By: smith

SOME FEW PRACTICAL CAUSES OF POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

1. WARS
2. Lack of resources..
3. Misuses of Scares resources
4. Tribal conflicts
5. Greed on the part of the leaders
6. NO UNITY in African extended families
7. IGNORANCE –illiteracy
8. SELFISHNESS
9. Laziness on the part of the Individual
10. Poor educational materials for learning –outmoded(even student who complete cannot directly apply what they learn in their schools in the field
11. Copying blindly most behaviors of developed countries. Especially their music media.
12. Migration



look at this oooohhhh.........

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/spending.htm

World Wide Military Expenditures
Country Military expenditures - dollar figure Budget Period
World $1100 billion 2004 est. [see Note 4]
Rest-of-World [all but USA] $500 billion 2004 est. [see Note 4]
United States
$623 billion FY08 budget [see Note 6]
China
$65.0 billion 2004 [see Note 1]
Russia
$50.0 billion [see Note 5]
France $45.0 billion 2005
United Kingdom $42.8 billion 2005 est.
Japan
$41.75 billion 2007
Germany $35.1 billion 2003
Italy $28.2 billion 2003
South Korea $21.1 billion 2003 est.
India
$19.0 billion 2005 est.
Saudi Arabia $18.0 billion 2005 est.
Australia $16.9 billion 2006
Turkey $12.2 billion 2003
Brazil $9.9 billion 2005 est.
Spain $9.9 billion 2003
Canada $9.8 billion 2003
Israel $9.4 billion FY06 [see Note 7]
Netherlands $9.4 billion 2004
Taiwan
$7.9 billion 2005 est.
Mexico $6.1 billion 2005 est.
Greece $5.9 billion 2004
Singapore $5.6 billion 2005
Sweden $5.5 billion 2005 est.
North Korea $5.0 billion FY02
Iran $4.3 billion 2003 est.
Pakistan $4.3 billion 2005 est.
Belgium $4.0 billion 2003
Norway $4.0 billion 2003
Chile $3.9 billion 2005 est.
Colombia $3.5 billion 2005
Poland $3.5 billion 2002
Portugal $3.5 billion 2003
South Africa $3.5 billion 2005 est.
Denmark $3.3 billion 2003
Vietnam $3.2 billion 2005
Algeria $3.0 billion 2005 est.
Kuwait $3.0 billion 2005 est. [see Note 2]
United Arab Emirates $2.7 billion 2005
Egypt $2.5 billion 2005
Malaysia $2.5 billion 2005
Switzerland $2.5 billion 2005 est.
Morocco $2.3 billion 2005 est.
Czech Republic $2.2 billion 2004
Qatar $2.2 billion 2005
Thailand $2.0 billion 2005
Angola $2.0 billion 2005 est.
Finland $1.8 billion FY98/99
Argentina $1.8 billion 2005
Venezuela $1.6 billion 2005 est.
Austria $1.5 billion FY01/02
Romania $1.5 billion 2005
Jordan $1.4 billion 2005 est.
Indonesia $1.3 billion 2004
Iraq $1.3 billion 2005 est.
Hungary $1.1 billion 2002 est.
New Zealand $1.1 billion 2005 est.
Bangladesh $1.0 billion 2005 est.
Yemen $992 million 2005 est.
Syria $858 million N/A [see Note 3]
Philippines $837 million 2005 est.
Peru $829 million 2005 est.
Nigeria $738 million 2005 est.
Ireland $700 million FY00/01
Cuba $694 million 2005 est.
Serbia and Montenegro $654 million 2002
Ecuador $650 million 2005 est.
Bahrain $628 million 2005 est.
Croatia $620 million 2004
Ukraine $618 million FY02
Sri Lanka $606 million 2003 est
Libya $590 million 2005
Sudan $587 million 2004
Lebanon $541 million 2004
Tunisia $440 million 2005
Belarus $421 million 2006
Slovakia $406 million 2002
Uruguay $371 million 2005 est.
Slovenia $370 million 2005 est.
Bulgaria $356 million FY02
Madagascar $329 million 2005 est.
Botswana $326 million 2005 est.
Azerbaijan $310 million 2005
Ethiopia $296 million 2005 est.
Brunei $291 million 2003 est.
Kenya $281 million 2005 est.
Cyprus $280 million 2005
Gabon $254 million 2005 est.
Oman $253 million 2005 est.
Cote d'Ivoire $247 million 2005 est.
Bosnia and Herzegovina $234 million FY02
Luxembourg $232 million 2003
Lithuania $231 million FY01
Cameroon $230 million 2005 est.
Kazakhstan $222 million FY02
Eritrea $220 million 2005 est.
Uganda $193 million 2005 est.
New Caledonia $192 million FY96
Dominican Republic $191 million 2005
Turkmenistan $173 million 2005
Guatemala $170 million 2005 est.
El Salvador $162 million 2005 est.
Estonia $155 million 2002 est.
Equatorial Guinea $152 million 2005 est.
Panama $150 million 2005 est.
Namibia $150 million 2005 est.
Armenia $136 million 2005
Bolivia $130 million 2005 est.
Macedonia, FYR $130 million 2005
Zimbabwe $125 million 2005 est.
Afghanistan $122 million 2005 est.
Zambia $122 million 2005 est.
Guinea $120 million 2005 est.
Senegal $117 million 2005 est.
Nepal $105 million 2005 est.
Congo, Democratic Republic of the $104 million 2005 est.
Benin $101 million 2005 est.
Latvia $87 million FY01
Congo, Republic of the $85 million 2005 est.
Ghana $84 million 2005 est.
Costa Rica $83 million 2005 est.
Mozambique $78 million 2005 est.
Burkina Faso $75 million 2005 est.
Cambodia $74 million 2005
Chad $69 million 2005 est.
Liberia $67 million 2005 est.
Trinidad and Tobago $67 million 2003
Albania $57 million FY02
Uzbekistan $55 million 2005
Rwanda $54 million 2005 est.
Honduras $53 million 2005 est.
Paraguay $53 million 2003 est.
Mali $50 million FY01
Maldives $45 million 2005 est.
Malta $45 million 2005 est.
Niger $45 million 2005 est.
Burundi $44 million 2005 est.
Swaziland $42 million FY01
Lesotho $41 million 2005 est.
Burma $39 million FY97
Fiji $36 million 2004
Tajikistan $35 million FY01
Bahamas, The $32 million 2005
Nicaragua $32 million 2005 est.
Jamaica $31 million 2003 est.
Togo $30 million 2005 est.
Djibouti $29 million 2005 est.
Haiti $26 million 2003 est.
Georgia $23 million FY00
Mongolia $23 million FY02
Somalia $22 million 2005 est.
Tanzania $21 million 2005 est.
Belize $19 million 2005 est.
Kyrgyzstan $19 million FY01
Mauritania $19 million 2005 est.
Guyana $17 million 2005
Papua New Guinea $17 million 2003
Central African Republic $16 million 2005 est.
Malawi $16 million 2005 est.
Seychelles $15 million 2005 est.
Sierra Leone $14 million 2005 est.
Comoros $13 million 2005 est.
Mauritius $12 million 2005 est.
Laos $11 million 2005 est.
Guinea-Bissau $9.5 million 2005 est.
Moldova $8.7 million 2004
Bhutan $8.3 million 2005 est.
Suriname $7.5 million 2003 est.
Cape Verde $7.2 million 2005 est.
East Timor $4.4 million FY03
Bermuda $4.0 million 2001
Gambia, The $1.6 million 2005 est.
San Marino $700,000 FY00/01
Sao Tome and Principe $580,000 2005 est.
Iceland 0
Antigua and Barbuda $NA N/A
Barbados $NA N/A
Dominica $NA N/A
Falkland Islands [Islas Malvinas] $NA N/A
Faroe Islands $NA N/A
French Guiana $NA N/A
Gaza Strip $NA N/A
Grenada $NA N/A
Kiribati $NA N/A
Marshall Islands $NA N/A
Nauru $NA N/A
Palau $NA N/A
Saint Kitts and Nevis $NA N/A
Saint Lucia $NA N/A
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $NA N/A
Samoa $NA N/A
Solomon Islands $NA N/A
Tonga $NA N/A
Tuvalu $NA N/A
Vanuatu $NA N/A
West Bank $NA N/A
Western Sahara $NA N/A
SOURCE [unless otherwise noted]:
• Field Listing - Military expenditures CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- The Military expenditures dollar figure entry gives current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies.
• Field Listing - Military Expenditures CIA - The World Factbook 2006
• World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT) The 28th edition of "World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers" (WMEAT), released on February 6, 2003, is the second published by the Department of State following integration with the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the previous publisher. The report covers the years 1989 through 1999 -- that is, the end of the Cold War and its aftermath.
• SIPRI data on military expenditure
• IISS - The Military Balance 2006




October 15, 2008 | 15:26:04

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 Le commerce équitable : pour que chacun récolte le fruit de son travail, à juste prix! - Posted By: Sarah TOUMI

Nous vivons dans un monde dicté par la loi du marché. J'ai eu l'occasion d'assister à un spectacle lors de la biennale de l'environnement qui m'a marqué. J'en ai déjà parlé sur ce blog. Ca parle d'un petit agriculteur africain exploité par le FMI Fond Monétaire International, l'OMC Organisation Mondiale du Commerce, la Banque Mondiale...qui lui ont promis une aide qui s'est révélée être un cadeau empoisonné..mais aussi la corruption de son gouvernement, les alliances avec les gouvernements démocratiques du Nord...une histoire bien ficelée, une histoire qui se passe tous les jours sous nos yeux sans qu'on y fasse attention.

J'espère inviter cette troupe à Paris prochainement pour faire une représentation à la Sorbonne, ou ailleurs car ils sont vraiment géniaux.

Pour revenir au sujet, le commerce équitable c'est quoi?

« Le commerce équitable est un partenariat commercial fondé sur le dialogue, la transparence et le respect, dont l’objectif est de parvenir à une plus grande équité dans le commerce mondial. Il contribue au développement durable en offrant de meilleures conditions commerciales et en garantissant les droits des producteurs et des travailleurs marginalisés, tout particulièrement au Sud de la planète. Les organisations du commerce équitable (soutenues par les consommateurs) s’engagent activement à soutenir les producteurs, à sensibiliser l’opinion et à mener campagne en faveur de changements dans les règles et pratiques du commerce international conventionnel. »

Quand vous achetez équitable, vous soutenez une économie qui vise à ce que tout le monde puisse vivre décemment de son travail.
Vous achetez une plaquette de chocolat équitable? Dégustez là car vous venez de soutenir toute une exploitation de cacao en Amérique latine ou en Afrique et des agriculteurs qui vont être rémunérés à leur juste valeur pour leur travail, mais aussi des boutiques en France, menées par des entrepreneurs sociaux qui vivent avec le conviction que si chacun fait un peu, c'est le monde qui change et qui devient meilleur.

Je tiens à rendre hommage à Guillaume qui a lancé www.choc-ethic.fr ou bien encore à Stéphane et sa mère qui ont lancé www.altereco.com
Ce sont de jeunes entrepreneurs sociaux qui se sont lancés dans le commerce équitable, avec l'envie de contribuer à faire un monde plus juste, plus solidaire. Bon courage à eux, et à tous ceux qui ont suivi cette voie.

Selon moi, le commerce équitable est une alternative durable à l'économie actuelle pour tout ce qui concerne l'artisanat et les matières premières venant des pays du Sud.

Avec DREAM, nous souhaitons promouvoir le réflexe de l'achat équitable auprès des étudiants, professeurs et administrations publiques, tout en soutenant ces enseignes en achetant tous nos produits chez eux, car comme je le dit toujours : plus que les paroles les actes!

October 15, 2008 | 13:55:20

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 La crise alimentaire, le visage de la pauvreté! - Posted By: Pascal Bekono

Cette année a été marquée par plusieurs révoltes des populations des pays en voie de développement, dont le point commun était sans doute la crise alimentaire. Avec la flambée des prix du pétrole, les néfastes du changement climatique, la baisse du pouvoir d’achat, etc. la grogne des populations à travers le monde a montré la pauvreté galopante. La pauvreté, ou l’absence de ressources nécessaires, envahit de plus en plus les populations. Celles là qui font déjà face aux multiples pandémies que sont le Paludisme, SIDA, etc. auxquelles s’ajoute des tares à l’instar de la corruption et des conflits armés dans certaines de ces régions. Avec tout cela, l’atteinte des objectifs du millénaire est fortement compromise.

Il est donc important que les institutions et organisations internationales doivent redoubler leurs aides en faveur des pays du sud. Face à la crise financière qui sévit actuellement les pays de développés, fort heureusement n’ayant pas encore une grande incidence sur les pays africains ou plusieurs pays en voie de développement des régions asiatiques ou Sud-Américaines, des centaines de milliards de dollars sont injectées dans leurs économies pour éviter une récession. L’enveloppe budgétaire des pays riches pour la réduction de la pauvreté sera donc sans doute revue à la baisse.

Cette situation semble montrer qu’il ne faut compter que sur soi, à travers des meilleures gestions des ressources et des plans de développement efficients. Mais que faire face aux vestiges de la colonisation ? Et les liens des grandes puissances sur les économies des pays en développement?

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October 15, 2008 | 13:53:44

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 لا للفقر..نعم للالتزام والعمل الفعال - Blog Action Day 2008 - Posted By: Tala Nabulsi

كنت أجلس أفكر عن موضوع أكتبه في مدونتي من أجل Blog Action Day 2008حول موضوع الفقر، واثناء جلوسي على الكمبيوتر بدات أتصفح بريدي الالكتروني، ويا للغرابة فلقد وصلتني رسالة من صديقة لي تحتوي على صور لاطفال من دول مختلفة يعانون من أسوء مظاهر الفقر والجوع. أخذت أشاهد هذه الصور وانا افكر، لماذا عندما نشاهد مثل هذه الصور، نقول يا حرام، مساكين، الله يساعدهم، وقد يدمع بعضنا في بعض الاحيان. ولكننا هل نقوم بشي ما بعد اظهار هذه المشاعر،التي لا أقلل من أهميتها، ولكن كيف يمكن ان يستفيد منها هؤلاء الاطفال، كيف يمكن ان تخفف من جوعهم، وألمهم، وبكائهم وفقرهم؟!.
ان المبادرات مثلBlog Action Dayو Stand Against Povertyو غيرها من المبادرات، لا تذكرنا بشيء لا نعلمه او لم نره، بل انها تشجعنا ان ناخذ موقفا من قضية الفقر ، وغيرها من القضايا المحلية والعالمية. وقد يكون هذا الموقف او العمل الذي نقوم به اما على مستوى شخصي او فردي، مثل التبرع ببعض المال او اطعام فقير وغيرها او على مستوع اعلى كالمشاركة في هذه المبادرات لنسمع صوتنا للجميع وايضا من خلال تجميع جهود الشباب من أجل القيام بمبادرة او عمل فعال في مجتمعاتهم تتناول قضية الفقر.
ان عام 2015، هو العام الذي حدده رؤساء الحكومات من أجل تحقيق الاهداف الانمائية للالفية، والتي تتناول احداها القضاء على الفقر المدقع والجوع، فأين نحن منها الان؟ اعتقد اننا كشباب علينا دور كبير في هذه القضية ولكن في البداية يجب ان نكون واعين بها،وبما يحدث من حولنا من أحداث، ان نكون واعين بدورنا كشباب، فلا نجلس غير مكترثين بما يعاني منه الاخرين او نحزن عليهم فقط، بل علينا ان نلتزم، ونبادر ونعمل.. هنالك عدد من الافكار التي اضافها موقع Blog Action Dayحول الاعمال التي يمكن ان نقوم بها
http://site.blogactionday.org
..
كما يوجد على موقع TakingITGlobalعدد من الادلة الخاصة بالعمل الفعال والتي قد تساعدك على القيام بمبادرة او عمل فعال في مجتمعك حول قضية الفقر.

http://www.takingitglobal.org/action/guide/
..

انا شخصيا سألتزم بان اقوم بدفع مبلغ معين لعائلة فقيرة، كما سأضيف موضوع على ساحة الحوار على موقع TakingITGlobal حول موضوع الفقر وكيف يمكن للشباب ان يكون لهم دور للحد من هذه الظاهرة، بالاضافة الى البحث عن مشاريع شبابية في الوطن العربي تتناول قضية الفقر، وكيف يمكن لـTakingITGlobal ان تشارك بها.
فماذا ستلتزم وتفعل انت؟؟




October 15, 2008 | 13:32:19

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 Combattre la pauvreté : l'idée du micro-crédit par PELLITAL au Sénégal - Posted By: Sarah TOUMI

J'ai rencontré Adama Diop au Québéc cet été au Congrès Mondial des Jeunes, et avant cela sur Facebook...ce mec nous a bluffé, c'est le cas de le dire.

Son idée est si simple qu'elle en devient grandiose : proposer à des particuliers de contribuer à la réalisation des projets économiques des femmes de son village, Agnam-Goly au Sénégal. Celles-ci vous remboursent 6 mois après! Il a crée son groupe sur Facebook et l'a largement diffusé. Un belle exemple de comment utiliser les réseau sociaux pour agir...(groupe pellital sur Facebook).

Ces femmes ne remplissent pas les critères pour obtenir un micro-crédit. C'est pourquoi cette idée est intéressante. Alors l'idée que nous avons eu, l'équipe de DREAM et moi, c'est de l'aider dans son projet.

Nous avons réalisé deux journées de sensibilisation au développement durable et au dialogue interculturel à Paris où nous avons vendu des produits issus du commerce équitable, subventionnés par l'université, à prix réduit aux étudiants et réalisé une tombola au profit des femmes d'Agnam-Goly. Ainsi, nous avons récolté 200 Dollars qui vont servir à démarrer 2 projets à Agnam-Goly!

C'est ce que j'appelle "La Magie du Développement Durable" : 2euro donnés à Paris, c'est un projet réalisé à Agnam-Goly! Nous espèrons réaliser une plus grosse opération prochainement : une soirée étudiante responsable pour sensibiliser sur les risques liés à l'alcool et à la drogue, à l'importance de la consommation responsable : équitable, moins d'emballages plastiques...et encore une fois les recettes iront à Agnam-Goly, et d'autres!

Comme vous le voyez, si chacun fait un peu, on peut vaincre la pauvreté, il suffit de quelques idées et de beaucoup de volonté!

October 15, 2008 | 13:18:18

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 Créer une économie à partir de rien...ou presque! Une idée pour combattre la pauvreté en Afrique du Nord - Posted By: Sarah TOUMI

Nous vivons sur une planète riche de par sa biodiversité, ses ressources minérales, ses habitants.
Expliquer la pauvreté serait bien trop long. Les ressources sont là. Il faut juste quelques idées, un petit peut d'argent pour commencer, et des gens motivés, surtout des gens motivés.

Prenons l'exemple de mon idée : lutte contre la désertification et la pauvreté dans le Sahel, Afrique Nord.

Il faut un investissement de départ, de l'ordre de quelques milliers d'euros, pour acheter des graines d'acacia et construire une pépinière, employer des ouvriers pour s'occuper des plants.

Après trois ans, on plante les arbres chez des femmes agricultrices de zones rurales touchées par la désertification en Afrique Nord, dans le Sahel. Ces arbres ont plusieurs propriétés : non seulement ils luttent contre la désertification en retenant les sols, l'eau et en régénérant les sols. Mais en plus, ils ont une utilité économique : tout d'abord, ils produisent des feuilles appréciées par le bétail, mais en plus ils produisent de la gomme arabique qui peut rapporter chaque année par arbre entre 50 et 150euros.

Et là vous avez compris la suite...en luttant contre un problème environnemental, on va en plus contribuer à améliorer économiquement et socialement la vie de femmes rurales et donc de leur famille. Ces femmes, grâce aux revenus reçus de la gomme arabique pourront acheter un troupeau, qu'elles pourront nourrir avec les feuilles des même arbres, mais aussi faire un potager pour leur famille...et petit à petit se constituer un capital pour créer une activité économique où elles emploieront d'autres personnes.

Une idée toute simple...qui ne demande qu'un petit effort financier au départ, beaucoup de motivation bien sûr...et c'est tout.

Vous me direz: alors qu'est ce que t'attend? Je vous répondrai...patience, le résultat de l'amorçge du projet d'ici 6 mois.



October 15, 2008 | 13:07:22

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 16 Ottobre : Giornata Mondiale dell'alimentazione! - Posted By: Agnese Fiducia

Cari activisti e sostenitori,
oggi sono gia' 923 milioni le persone che soffrono la fame nel mondo e le stime della Banca Mondiale dicono che manca davvero poco per superare la fatidica soglia del miliardo di affamati...

Il 16 ottobre si celebra la Giornata Mondiale dell'Alimentazione. In questa importante occasione ActionAid rinnova la sua richiesta alla Fao, alle altre istituzioni internazionali, ai governi e alle multinazionali, di rispettare il diritto di ogni essere umano a un'alimentazione adeguata.

Nonostante la crisi e le speculazioni finanziarie, i cambiamenti climatici, l'aumento del costo del petrolio e della domanda di biocarburanti ActionAid e' convinta che si possa ancora raggiungere l'obiettivo sottoscritto nel 2000 da 189 Capi di Stato: dimezzare il numero delle persone affamate entro il 2015.

Servono infinitamente meno dei 700 miliardi di dollari appena stanziati dal Congresso Americano per sconfiggere la fame. Basterebbero 60 milioni di dollari l'anno come stima il Direttore della FAO Diouf.
La fame e' quindi il risultato di una mancanza di fondi o di volonta' politica?

Noi un'idea ce l'abbiamo. Se anche tu pensi di averla sei in buona compagnia, migliaia di persone hanno gia' deciso di sostenere la campagna HungerFREE, per un mondo libero dalla fame.
E' questo il momento di prendere una posizione chiara: vai sul sito www.hungerfree.it e mettici la faccia! Manca solo la tua.

Lo staff di Campagne
Per maggiori informazioni:

web
www.actionaid.it
www.hungerfree.it
www.nopovertynoaids.it

e-mail
attivismo@actionaid.org

telefono
02 74 2001

Fai circolare questa e-mail, inoltrala a un amico.
Per ulteriori informazioni o per non ricevere più e-mail sulle campagne di ActionAid clicca qui

© ActionAid - Via Broggi 19/A - 20129 Milano tel 02 74 2001

October 15, 2008 | 12:17:19

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 Today is The Blog Action Day Against Poverty 2008 - Posted By: Agnese Fiducia



Today is the "Blog Action Day Against Poverty".

This song "Vergessene Kinder" by Tokio Hotel talk about "Forgotten Children",the Children forgotten who want to live happy,eat,play,study,to have a family, but they can't!In fact,the video show photos about these children and it's the most good idea to celebrate the "Blog Action Day Against Poverty" (Thank you very much to http://it.youtube.com/user/tomslove for this beautiful sad video about the real world we live!)


A video about "Hunger"!


"Vergessene Kinder" = "Forgotten Children"
Hunger
HIV/AIDS
Human Rights Abuses
Wars
Violence Against Children
Violence Against Women
Violence Against LGBT people
Homophobia
Ignorance
Hunger
Thirst
Obesity
.... Every Day is a Day to Live,Love,Fight!
Fight
Fight For freedom
Fight for Love
Fight Against: Hunger
HIV/AIDS
Poverty
Human Rights Abuses
Wars
Violence Against Children
Violence Against Women
Violence Against LGBT people
Homophobia
Ignorance
Hunger
Thirst
Obesity
Environmental Disaster
Everyday is a Day to Respect Human Rights,Nature,Animal Rights,
because everyday is a day to Love and Stop the Poverty!
LET THE REVOLUTION BEGINS NOW BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE!!!!



October 15, 2008 | 11:55:44

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 Journée d'action : Blog Action Day 2008 ! - Posted By: Sarah TOUMI

Aujourd'hui, 15 Octobre 2008, les bloggueurs du monde sont appelés à participer au Blog Action Day. Le but est de choisir une journée dans l'année pour parler d'un thème important afin d'attirer l'attention du monde dessus.

Cette année, l'enjeu retenu est celui de la pauvreté.

Qu'est ce que la pauvreté?
"La pauvreté est l'insuffisance de ressources matérielles, comme la nourriture, l’accès à l’eau potable, les vêtements, le logement, et des conditions de vie en général, mais également de ressources intangibles comme l’accès à l’éducation, l’exercice d’une activité valorisante, le respect reçu des autres citoyens."

Qui touche-t-elle?

D'après le Programme des Nations unies pour le développement, les pays où la pauvreté est la plus forte sont des pays d’Afrique, en particulier les pays les moins avancés.
En 2008, la Banque mondiale a fixé a 1,25 dollar américain par jour le seuil de pauvreté international, contre un dollar précédemment. Le nouveau seuil représente le seuil de pauvreté moyen des 10 à 20 pays les plus pauvres. Selon ce nouveau critère, 1,4 milliard de personnes dans le monde en développement vivent avec moins de 1,25 dollar par jour en 2005.

Comment la combattre?

En créant de l'argent...ah ah très drôle me direz vous...nous avons toute la journée pour y reflechir ensemble.



October 15, 2008 | 11:22:26

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 Today is The Blog Action Day Against Poverty 2008 - Posted By: Agnese Fiducia



Today is the "Blog Action Day Against Poverty".

This song "Vergessene Kinder" by Tokio Hotel talk about "Forgotten Children",the Children forgotten who want to live happy,eat,play,study,to have a family, but they can't!In fact,the video show photos about these children and it's the most good idea to celebrate the "Blog Action Day Against Poverty" (Thank you very much to http://it.youtube.com/user/tomslove for this beautiful sad video about the real world we live!)


A video about "Hunger"!


"Vergessene Kinder" = "Forgotten Children"
Hunger
HIV/AIDS
Human Rights Abuses
Wars
Violence Against Children
Violence Against Women
Violence Against LGBT people
Homophobia
Ignorance
Hunger
Thirst
Obesity
Silence.....
.... Every Day is a Day to Live,Love,Fight!
Fight
Fight For freedom
Fight for Love
Fight Against: Hunger
HIV/AIDS
Poverty
Human Rights Abuses
Wars
Violence Against Children
Violence Against Women
Violence Against LGBT people
Homophobia
Ignorance
Hunger
Thirst
Obesity
Environmental Disaster
Everyday is a Day to Respect Human Rights,Nature,Animal Rights,
because everyday is a day to Love and Stop the Poverty!
LET THE REVOLUTION BEGINS NOW BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE!!!!



October 15, 2008 | 11:18:36

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 ¿Condición de poder? - Posted By: Mafer


Muchos programas comunitarios tanto gubernamentales como no gubernamentales, así como los autogestionados, tienen como actor y receptor a comunidades con necesidades y aun excluidas de todos o de gran parte de los beneficios sociales. Los pobres, desde la perspectiva de que carecen de poder, son vistos como débiles o privados de transformar su forma de vida (Maritza Montero, 2003).

OJO...
El carecer de recursos económicos o bienes materiales no significa que se sea incapaz de decidir, una persona ignorante o alguien inservible. Las personas de escasos recursos no debieran "bajar la cabeza" o "agacharse" cuando una persona con alto poder adquisitivo se presente frente a ellas, así mismo se mantiene la división de clases con creencias de un yo superior.
A la par de trabajar para la erradicación de la pobreza extrema (en la que ni el salario mínimo establecido aplica y la mortalidad por hambruna está a la orden del día), se puede incitar a no discriminar a las personas cuando se está en el contexto laboral, en la escuela o ciertos establecimientos. Es la misma discriminación la que genera que un individuo no pueda prosperar para lograr una vida productiva y posea un bajo autoconcepto, lo cual contribuye a que el estatus de pobre sea permanente ...las oportunidades se presentan, pero la satisfacción y calidad que conllevan son casi nulas.

Creemos un cielo despejado, no nublado.

October 15, 2008 | 11:09:40

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 فقر - Posted By: ~ mostafa ~

فقر عبارت از ناتوانی انسان درفراهم آوردن نیازهای بنیادی خود جهت رسیدن به یک زندگی آبرومندانه وشایسته می باشد.
این تعریف به مفهوم عبارت ((آبرومندانه وشایسته )) بستگی دارد ، زیرا این مفهوم را فقط می توان درقالب قضاوتهای فردی و محیطی شناسائی کرد و تردیدی نیست که درهر اجتماع و از هردیدگاه تعریف متفاوتی ازآن را می توان ارائه داد . این تعریف برداشتی کلی ازمفهوم فقر را به دست می دهد . لیکن فقر را می توان از دو دیدگاه مطلق ونسبی مورد ارزیابی قرار داد .
تحقیقات رونتری(Rowntree) ، پایه اصلی بررسیهای فقر مطلق را نشان می دهد . تعریف او از فقر مطلق عبارت است از: خانوارهای مبتلا به فقر اولیه آن قدر درآمد ندارند که بتوانند حد اقل نیازهای تغذیه را برحسب ارزانترین انواع مواد انرژی زا تامین نمایند.
یکی از معروفترین محققین فقر نسبی ، تاون سند(Townsend) است . اوبه نقش افراد دردرون اجتماع وبه ارتباط بین آنها و سایرین اهمیت می داد . به گفته او ، افراد درصورتی فقیر شمرده می شوند که نتوانند درزندگی مشترک جامعه ای که درآن زندگی می کنند مشارکت داشته باشند. با این تعریف درهرجامعه با درنظر گرفتن معیارهای متفاوت می توان فقر را تعریف کرد وپائین بودن نسبی سطح زندگی مردم را درمقایسه با سطح زندگی متعارف جامعه برآورد ومحاسبه نمود. دراین حالت ، درجه محرومیت نسبی جامعه مطرح می شود وازاین طریق است که می توان فقرای هرجامعه را شناسائی کرد.

● خط فقر چیست؟
خط فقر ارتباطی بین فقر ونابرابری نسبی دارد. این خط پائین ترین حد درآمد لازم برای حفظ زندگی درحد اقل معیشت را نشان می دهد .
دراین تعریف ، ((حفظ زندگی ))، به قضاوتهای فردی ومعیارهای اجتماعی بستگی می یابدبا توجه به اینکه فقر مطلق ویا فقر نسبی را مورد نظر قرار دهیم خطوط فقر متفاوتی خواهیم داشت.
با تعاریف متفاوتی که ازفقر وجود دارد ، برآوردهای مختلفی نیز ازخط فقر می توان انجام داد . تعدادی از روشهای موجود از این برآوردها عبارتند از:
- محاسبه خط فقر براساس حداقل معیشت.
- محاسبه خط فقر براساس تامین مواد غذائی درحد نرمال.
- محاسبه خط فقر براساس کالری مورد نیاز روزانه.
- برآورد خانوارهای آسیب پذیر بر اساس نماگرهای رفاه.



October 15, 2008 | 10:52:34

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 proposition de stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté dans mon pays - Posted By: KOUYATE

C’est pour moi un honneur et un réel plaisir de me retrouver parmi vous ce matin pour parler de la stratégie nationale de mon pays dans la lutte contre la pauvreté dans le contexte d’un Accord de Partenariat Economique ACP – UE .

En effet au cours de cette présentation, j’aborderais trois points principaux, à savoir les objectifs et orientations de la stratégie nationale de réduction de la pauvreté en guinée, les conditions de la mise en œuvre, et les enjeux d’un partenariat économique avec l’union européenne.

Mais avant tout, permettez – moi de faire un rappel de l ‘évolution des politiques économiques et sociales mises en œuvre dans notre pays depuis près d’une vingtaine d’années. En effet, après plusieurs années de politique de stabilisation et d’ajustement structurel, un large consensus s’est dégagé autour des points suivants :

• Les programmes de réformes mis en œuvre ont des coûts sociaux très élevés pour les populations pauvres et vulnérables,
• Les performances de ces programmes se sont révélées assez faibles en terme de croissance économique et de création d’emploi,
• En l’absence d’une croissance forte et durable, la stabilité macro – économique et financière ne saurait être assurée de façon durable.

Suite au bilan mitigé de ces programmes, le gouvernement, avec l’appui de ses partenaires au développement, à pris une nouvelle approche visant une forte impliquant des populations à la base dans l’orientation et la conduite des programmes de développement. Dans ce cadre, de large consultations furent organisées en 1997, à l’occasion de la présentation de la Stratégie d’Assistance de la Banque mondiale.

Les résultats de ces consultations ont permis de dégager les principales préoccupations des populations, à savoir le développement des routes et pistes rurales, l ‘amélioration des services sociaux de base, notamment la santé et l’éducation, et le développement du secteur rural. Ils ont également servi de base à la préparation et au lancement d’une nouvelle série de projets et programmes axés sur la lutte contre la pauvreté. Il s’agit notamment du PACV, du PRCI et du PPSG 1 .

Pour intensifier et mieux coordonner les efforts de lutte contre la pauvreté, le Gouvernement a entrepris une vaste réflexion en vue de la formulation et de la mise en œuvre d’une Stratégie globale de développement axée sur la croissance économique et la réduction de la pauvreté. L’enjeux de cette stratégie est de servir de cadre à toutes les interventions en faveur du développement national.

Dans cette optique, des questions essentielles appelaient des réponses pertinentes : Que faut – il entendre par le concept de pauvreté ? Quelle démarche adoptée pour la formulation et la mise en œuvre de la stratégie ?

En terme de démarche, le Gouvernement a adopté une approche participative avec l’objectif d’impliquer tous les acteurs de la vie nationale ( Administration publique, Institutions républicaines, populations à la base, organisations de la société civile, acteurs du secteur privé, partenaires au développement ). Des résultats des consultations organisées à cet effet, il s’est dégagé que la pauvreté est phénomène multidimensionnel caractérisé par diverses formes de privations ( faiblesse de revenu, chômage, maladie, habitations indécentes, faible capacité etc … ).

L’examen du profil de la pauvreté permet également de ressortir l’interdépendance de ces dimensions. En effet, si aucune catégorie sociale n’est épargnée par le phénomène, il présente des degrés variables selon le zone d’habitation ( rurale ou urbaine ), la région , la catégorie socio – professionnellement etc.

Ainsi, l’incidence de la pauvreté est deux fois plus élevée en milieu rural ( 52, 5% ) qu’en milieu urbain ( 25%) et, par rapport au niveau de la pauvreté à Conakry, 7,8 fois plus élevée. L’extrême pauvreté concerne près de 18 % de la population rurale contre 0,3% à Conakry et 5,6% au niveau des autres centres urbains. La consommation des 20% des individus les plus pauvres représente à peine 7% de la consommation totale, et celle des 20% les plus riches représente 47% du total.

S’agissant de la relation entre la santé et la population par exemple, les données disponibles indiquent que les ménages pauvres ont moins accès aux soins de santé. Seulement 12% des 20% des plus pauvres consultent les services publics de santé lorsqu’ils sont malades, contre plus de 50% pour les 20 % les plus riches . L’essentiel des couches les plus pauvres font recours aux services de la santé traditionnelle.


1. LES OBJECTIFS ET ARTICULATIONS DE LA SRP

Au regard de ce qui précède, la Stratégie Nationale de Réduction de la Pauvreté a été élaborée avec pour objectif général de réduire durablement et de manière significative la pauvreté en guinée.
Les objectifs spécifiques sont notamment :

• L’augmentation des revenus, à travers la promotion des activités économiques, notamment dans la sphère des plus pauvres. A l’horizon 2010, l’objectif est de réduire l’incidence de la pauvreté monétaire à 30% au niveau national et à 38% dans les zones rurales, contre respectivement 40,3% et 52,5% en 1994 / 95
• L’amélioration de l’accès et la qualité des services sociaux de base, et,
• La réduction des inégalités et l’exclusion sociale

Pour atteindre ces objectifs, une stratégie globale et intégrée a été élaborée autour de trois axes principaux :

a) L’accélération de la croissance économique, avec de larges opportunités de revenus pour les pauvres, à travers des politiques axées sur la préservation de la stabilité macro – économique et financière , le développement des infrastructures de base ( eau, électricité, transport et télécommunication ), l’appui aux secteurs porteurs de croissance ( le secteur rural, les mines, le tourisme, l’artisanat etc. ),
b) Le développement et l’accès équitable aux services sociaux de base ( éducation, santé, eau et assainissement, habitat etc. ) :
 En matière d’éducation, porter la priorité sur le niveau de base, avec l’objectif de scolarisation universelle à l’horizon 2012 : poursuite du développement des infrastructures scolaires ; recrutement formation redéploiement et motivation du personnel enseignant ; amélioration des moyens de fonctionnement ; mise à disposition du matériel pédagogique et suppression des coûts directs au niveau du primaire ; mise en place des dispositions favorables à l’éducation des filles

 En matière de santé, l’objectif est d’assurer à tous des meilleures conditions de santé. Pour y arriver, la politique nationale de santé est axée sur :

• Le renforcement de la prévention et de la lutte contre les maladies prioritaires ( Hépatite B , tuberculose, maladies diarrhéiques, paludisme, VIH / SIDA etc. ) : élargissement de la couverture vaccinale ; disponibilité régulière des produits ; traitement des cas de paludisme prophylaxie chez la femme enceinte ; prise en charge des grossesses à risques et des urgences obstétricales , accouchement sous surveillance,
• L’amélioration de l’accès des pauvres aux services essentiels de santé : priorité sur les formations sanitaires de base, notamment les postes de santé, extension du paquet minimum d’activités et amélioration de la gestion des ressources humaines, subventions de fonctionnement aux établissements de soins, promotion mutuelle de santé etc.
• Le renforcement des capacités institutionnelles et de gestion : redéfinition des rôles dans la gestion du système de santé, poursuite de la déconcentration budgétaire, renforcement des capacités à tous les niveaux et amélioration des outils de planification et de gestion.
• Dans le secteur de l’eau, l’objectif est de porter le taux d’accès à l’eau potable à 90% en 2010 contre 49% en 1999 : réalisation du 3eme projet Eau, extension du réseau tertiaire, réalisation de réseaux d’adduction d’eau pour 7 villes de l’intérieur du pays, renforcement des installations en exploitation, réformes institutionnelles requises pour assurer une meilleure exploitation des infrastructures, poursuite des forages, des aménagements de puits et de sources.
• Amélioration de la gouvernance et des capacités institutionnelles, à travers une meilleure allocation et la transparence dans la gestion des ressources publiques ; un renforcement des pouvoirs financiers des structures à la base ; une responsabilisation accrue des bénéficiaires dans la formulation, la mise en œuvre , le suivi et l’évaluation des actions de développement, la poursuite et l’intensification de la lutte contre la corruption et l’amélioration de la qualité de la justice.

2. LA MISE EN ŒUVRE DE LA STRATEGIE

Depuis 2000, il a été marqué par plusieurs chocs exogènes ( poursuite de conflits armés dans la sous – région, attaques rebelles contre le territoire national, hausse des prix du pétrole, baisse des prix des produits d’exportation et baisse des financements extérieurs ) et endogènes ( fortes perturbations pluviométriques, de graves pénuries dans les secteurs de l’eau et de l’électricité, déficit de mobilisation des ressources intérieures et problèmes liés à la gestion des dépenses publiques ).
A cela, il faut ajouter que l’appui des partenaires au développement n’a pas été à la hauteur des attentes et des engouements suscités par la stratégie . Au titre de l’initiative PPTE, la mobilisation des ressources s’est limitée à 40 mds GNF en 2001, 69,5 mds en 2002 et 81,9 mds en 2003, soit un total de d’environ 96 millions de dollar US pour les trois ans. Au titre des appuis budgétaires, la Guinée n’a bénéficier que de deux opérations de financement : le CAS IV de la Banque mondiale ( 50 millions de dollar US ) et le PAS III de la BAD ( 12,25 millions d’UC, soit environ 16 millions de dollar US ), soit un total de 66 millions de dollar US .

Sous l’effet de ces différents facteurs, la Guinée a enregistré ses plus faibles performances économiques depuis plus d’une décennie. Le taux de croissance annuel du PIB a été de 2,99%, contre un objectif de 5% fixé dans le DSRP. En 2003 , le taux de croissance du PIB du secteur secondaire ( comprenant les mines, le manufacturier, l’eau , l’électricité et le BTP ) à été de l’ordre de 0,5% .

S’agissant des dépenses, elles ont connu une forte expansion des dernières années, du fait du contexte sécuritaire dans la sous – région, des efforts importants déployés en faveurs des secteurs prioritaires et certaines lacunes observée dans la gestion des finances publiques.

Cette expansion des dépenses conjuguées à une faible mobilisation des ressources a conduit à partir de 2003 à des fortes tensions sur le budget, sur la balance des paiements ainsi que sur le niveau général des prix . En 2003, le déficit budgétaire a atteint près de 10% du PIB, dépassant largement l’objectif de 3 à 5 % fixé par la SRP, et le taux d’inflation s’est élevé à 14,8% , contre 6,1% en 2002.

En dépit de ce contexte particulièrement difficile, des progrès non négligeables ont été obtenus dans certains domaines, notamment l’éducation, la santé, l’hydraulique villageoise et les infrastructures de transports

Dans les domaines de l’éducation et de la santé, on notera que :

• L’accès aux services d’éducation s’est sensiblement amélioré. En 2002, 57,1% des ménages étaient à moins de 15 mn d’une école primaire, contre 11,5% des ménages qui sont à une heure ou plus d’une école primaire ;
• Les taux brut de scolarisation ( TBS ) au primaire est passé de 56,5% en 1999 / 00 à 74% en 2002 / 03, soit un gain de 17,5 points en 3 ans. Le ratio filles / total des élèves est passé de 0, 40 en 1999 / 00 à 0,43 en 2002 / 03 ;
• Environ 41% des ménages ( 31% en milieu rural et 65% en zone urbaine) disposant d’un service de santé à moins de 30 mn,
• Le taux de couverture vaccinale des enfants et des femmes en âge de procréer s’est amélioré .

Ceci dit, beaucoup reste à faire pour améliorer la qualité des services, renforcer et pérenniser les acquis . Selon les résultats de l’enquête QUIBB 2002 ( questionnaire unifié sur les indicateurs de base du bien être ) :

o 64,4%des élèves se déclarent non satisfaits des services scolaires ( livres et fournitures, qualité de l’enseignement, manque d’enseignement etc. ).
o Seulement 47% des personnes qui ont consultés un praticien de la santé au cours de s 4 semaines précédentes l’enquête ont été satisfaites, contre 53% de mécontents ( coût des services, traitement inefficace, manque de médicament, longue attente , manque de personnel formé )

S’agissant de l’hydraulique villageoise, 2.942 points d’eau, essentiellement des forages, ont été réalisés entre 2000 et 2003, contre un objectif de 3.200 points d’eau fixés dans le DSRP.

Dans le domaine des transports et des travaux publics, au titre des réalisations entre 2001 et 2003, on peut citer :

• La réhabilitation de 1.078 km de pistes rurale, contre 1.483,6 km prévus , soit un taux de réalisation de 72%
• L’entretient de 4.700 km pour de piste , contre une prévision de 4.647 km soit un taux de réalisation de 101,5%
• La poursuite des travaux de bitumage de la route stratégique Kankan – Kourémalé , avec la suppression des bacs sur le Niger et le tinkisso
• La construction d’un pont sur la fatala ainsi que l’entretien des routes nationale et régionales

2. ENJEU D’UN PARTENARAT ENONOMIQUE

La SRP a suscité beaucoup d’engouement et d’espoir au niveau des populations . cependant, pour sa mise en œuvre , des questions essentielles interpellent le Gouvernement et ses différents partenaires, tant de l’intérieur de l’extérieur . il s’agit de savoir , entre autres : comment créer les conditions d’une relance soutenue et durable de la croissance économique ? Comment mobiliser les financements nécessaires à son développement économique ? comment améliorer l’offre et la qualité des services publics aux populations ?

Il faut rappeler que l’UE européenne est le premier partenaire commercial de la Guinée. Elle demeure également l’un des principaux pourvoyeurs de fonds pour le financement des infrastructures de base. L’UE européenne intervient dans les domaines prioritaires que sont les routes, les grands ouvrages de financement ( tels que le pont sur la fatala ) , l’hydraulique villageoise , la santé , l’agriculture, la pêche.

Par ailleurs l’analyse prospective du développement économique du pays révèle que les opportunités de croissance reposeront pendant longtemps sur :

 L’exploitation minière, à travers l’ouverture de nouvelles exploitations et l’extension de celles déjà existantes ainsi que le développement de la filière bauxite – alumine – aluminium
 L’amélioration de la productivité du secteur rural et la diversification de ses filières d’exportation
 La promotion des petites et moyennes entreprises .

Dans le contexte de lutte contre la pauvreté, un partenariat économique avec l’UE serait d’un enjeu capital. Il contribuera à la dynamique économique locale à travers des investissements directs dans l’appareil de production , à la promotion des investissements privés européens dans l’économie locale, à la diversification de l’économie , à l »amélioration de la qualité des produits ainsi que qu’à l’ouverture du marché européen pour les exportations.

Par ailleurs, la coopération financière avec l’UE européenne constitue un facteur décisif pour l’amélioration de la situation des finances publiques et le développement des services sociaux de base, toutes choses essentielles pour le bien être des populations et l’amélioration des perspectives de développement durable.

propuesta de estrategia de reducción de la pobreza en mi país
Automatically translated into Spanish thanks to WorldLingo
¿C? ¿es para mi un honor y un verdadero placer de encontrarme entre ustedes esta mañana para hablar de la estrategia nacional de mi país en la lucha contra la pobreza en el contexto d? ¿un Acuerdo de Asociación Económico ACP? UE.

¿En efecto durante esta presentación, j? ¿abordarían tres puntos principales, a saber los objetivos y orientaciones de la estrategia nacional de reducción de la pobreza en Guinea, las condiciones de la puesta en? ¿obra, y lo que está en juego d? ¿una asociación económica con l? Unión Europea.

¿Pero sobre todo, permiten? ¿mí de hacer un recordatorio de l? ¿evolución de las políticas económicas y sociales puestas en? ¿obra en nuestro país desde cerca d? ¿una veintena d? años. ¿En efecto, después de varios años de política de estabilización y d? ¿ajuste estructural, un amplio consenso s? se retira alrededor de los siguientes puntos:

? ¿Los programas de reformas puestos en? ¿obra tienen elevados costes sociales muy para las poblaciones pobres y vulnerables
? ¿Los resultados de estos programas se revelaron bastante escasos en términos de crecimiento económico y creación d? ¿empleo
? ¿En l? ¿ausencia d? ¿un fuerte crecimiento y duradero, la estabilidad macro? económico y financiero no podría asegurarse de manera duradera.

¿A raíz de el balance mitigado de estos programas, el Gobierno, con l? ¿apoyo de sus socios al desarrollo, tomada a un nuevo enfoque destinándose una fuerte implicando poblaciones a la base en l? orientación y la conducta de los programas de desarrollo. ¿En este marco, de amplios consultas se organizaron en 1997, a l? ¿ocasión de la presentación de la Estrategia d? Asistencia del Banco Mundial.

¿Los resultados de estas consultas permitieron lograr las principales preocupaciones de las poblaciones, a saber el desarrollo de las carreteras y pistas rurales, l? ¿mejora de los servicios sociales básicos, en particular, la salud y l? educación, y el desarrollo del sector rural. ¿Sirvieron también de base a la preparación y al lanzamiento d? una nueva serie de proyectos y programas orientados sobre la lucha contra la pobreza. ¿Él s? actúa, en particular, del PACV, el PRCI y el PPSG 1.

¿Para intensificarse y coordinar mejor los esfuerzos de lucha contra la pobreza, el Gobierno emprendió una extensa reflexión para la formulación y la puesta en? ¿obra d? una Estrategia global de desarrollo orientada hacia el crecimiento económico y la reducción de la pobreza. ¿L? lo que está en juego de esta estrategia es servir de marco a todas las intervenciones en favor del desarrollo nacional.

Desde este punto de vista, cuestiones esenciales requerían respuestas pertinentes: ¿Qué es necesario? ¿él entender por el concepto de pobreza? ¿Qué planteamiento adoptado para la formulación y la puesta en? ¿obra de la estrategia?

¿En términos de planteamiento, el Gobierno adoptó un enfoque participativo con l? ¿objetivo d? implicar a todos los protagonistas de la vida nacional (Administración pública, Instituciones republicanas, poblaciones a la base, organizaciones de la sociedad civil, protagonistas del sector privado, socios al desarrollo). ¿Resultados de las consultas organizadas a tal efecto, él s? ¿se retira que la pobreza es fenómeno pluridimensional caracterizado por distintas formas de privaciones (debilidad de renta, desempleo, enfermedad, viviendas indecentes, baja capacidad etc? ).


¿L? ¿examen del perfil de la pobreza permite también resultar l? interdependencia de estas dimensiones. ¿En efecto, si ninguna categoría social n? ¿se ahorra por el fenómeno, presenta grados variables según la zona d? ¿vivienda (rural o urbana), la región, la categoría socia? profesionalmente etc

¿Así pues, l? ¿incidencia de la pobreza es más elevada dos veces en el medio rural (52, 5%) qu? en medio urbano (25%) y, con relación al nivel de la pobreza a Conakry, 7,8 veces más elevado. ¿L? extrema pobreza se refiere a cerca de un 18% de la población rural contra un 0,3% a Conakry y un 5,6% en los otros centros urbanos. El consumo de los un 20% de los individuos más pobres representa apenas un 7% del consumo total, y la de los 20% los más ricos representan un 47% del total.

¿S? tratándose de la relación entre la salud y la población por ejemplo, los datos disponibles indican que los hogares pobres tienen menos acceso a la asistencia sanitaria. ¿Solamente 12% de los un 20% del los más pobres consultan los servicios públicos de salud lorsqu? están enfermos, contra más de un 50% para el 20% los más ricos. ¿L? parte fundamental de las capas más pobres recurren a los servicios de la salud tradicional.


1. Los OBJETIVOS Y ARTICULACIONES del SRP


respecto a lo que precede, la Estrategia Nacional de Reducción de la Pobreza se elaboró con el objetivo general de reducir duradera y significativamente la pobreza en Guinea.
Los objetivos específicos son en particular:

? ¿L? aumento de las rentas, a través de la promoción de las actividades económicas, en particular, en la esfera del la más pobre. ¿A l? ¿horizonte 2010, l? ¿objetivo consiste en reducir l? ¿incidencia de la pobreza monetaria al 30% a nivel nacional y al 38% en las zonas rurales, contra respectivamente un 40,3% y un 52,5% en 1994/95
? ¿L? ¿mejora del l? ¿acceso y la calidad de los servicios sociales básicos, y
? ¿La reducción de desigualdades y l? exclusión social

para lograr estos objetivos, una estrategia global e integrada se elaboró en torno a tres ejes principales:

a) ¿L? ¿aceleración del crecimiento económico, con amplias oportunidades de rentas para los pobres, a través de políticas orientadas hacia la conservación de la estabilidad macro? ¿económico y financiero, el desarrollo de las infraestructuras básicas (agua, electricidad, transporte y telecomunicación), l? ¿apoyo a los sectores portadores de crecimiento (el sector rural, las minas, el turismo, l? artesanía etc ),
b) ¿El desarrollo y l? acceso equitativo a los servicios sociales básicos (educación, salud, agua y saneamiento, hábitat etc ) :
? ¿En materia d? ¿educación, llevar la prioridad sobre el nivel básico, con l? ¿objetivo de escolarización universal a l? horizonte 2012: continuación del desarrollo de las infraestructuras escolares; contratación formación reconversión y motivación del personal que enseña; mejora de los medios de funcionamiento; puesta a disposición del material pedagógico y supresión de los costes directos en la enseñanza primaria; ¿instauración de las disposiciones favorables a l? ¿educación de las muchachas

? ¿En materia de salud, l? ¿objetivo es d? garantizar a todos mejores condiciones de salud. Para llegar, la política nacional de salud se orienta hacia:

? El refuerzo de la prevención y la lucha contra las enfermedades prioritarias (Hepatitis B, tuberculosis, enfermedades diarreicas, paludismo, VIH/SIDA etc ) : ampliación de la cobertura vaccínea; disponibilidad regular de los productos; tratamiento de los casos de paludismo profilaxia en la mujer embarazada; ¿asumida de los embarazos de riesgos y urgencias obstétricas, parto bajo vigilancia
? ¿L? ¿mejora del l? acceso de los pobres a los servicios esenciales de salud: ¿prioridad sobre las formaciones sanitarias básicas, en particular, los puestos de salud, extensión del paquete mínimo d? actividades y mejora de la gestión de los recursos humanos, subvenciones de funcionamiento a los establecimientos de cuidados, promoción mutua de salud etc
? El refuerzo de las capacidades institucionales y de gestión: redefinición de los papeles en la gestión del sistema de salud, continuación de la desconcentración presupuestaria, refuerzo de las capacidades a todos los niveles y mejora de las herramientas de planificación y gestión.
? ¿En el sector de l? ¿agua, l? ¿objetivo consiste en llevar el tipo d? ¿acceso a l? agua potable al 90% en 2010 contra un 49% en 1999: ¿realización del 3.o proyecto Agua, extensión de la red terciaria, realización de redes d? ¿aducción d? ¿agua para 7 ciudades de l? interior del país, refuerzo de las instalaciones en explotación, reformas institucionales requeridas para garantizar una mejor explotación de las infraestructuras, continuación de las perforaciones, de las adaptaciones de pozo y fuentes.
? Mejora de la gobernanza y las capacidades institucionales, a través de una mejor asignación y la transparencia en la gestión de los recursos públicos; un refuerzo de los poderes financieros de las estructuras a la base; ¿una mayor responsabilización de los beneficiarios en la formulación, la puesta en? ¿obra, el seguimiento y l? ¿evaluación de las acciones de desarrollo, la continuación y l? ¿intensificación de la lucha contra la corrupción y l? mejora de la calidad de la justicia.


2. ¿LA PUESTA EN? ¿OBRA de la ESTRATEGIA

desde 2000, se ha caracterizado por varios choques exógenos (continuación de conflictos armados en el bajo? ¿región, ataques rebeldes contra el territorio nacional, subida de los precios del petróleo, reducción de los precios de los productos d? ¿exportación y reducción de las financiaciones exteriores) y endógenas (fuertes perturbaciones pluviométricos, graves escaseces en los sectores de l? ¿agua y de l? electricidad, déficit de movilización de los recursos interiores y problemas vinculados a la gestión de los gastos públicos).
¿A eso, es necesario añadir que l? ¿apoyo de los socios al desarrollo n? a no se es a la altura de las esperas y entusiasmos suscitados por la estrategia. ¿De conformidad con l? ¿iniciativa ESCUDO, la movilización de los recursos s? ¿se limita a 40 mds GNF en 2001, 69,5 mds en 2002 y 81,9 mds en 2003, sea un total de d? alrededor de 96 millones de dólar US para los tres años. ¿De conformidad con los apoyos presupuestarios, Guinea n? a beneficiar que de dos operaciones de financiación: ¿el CASO IV del Banco Mundial (50 millones de dólar US) y el PASO III del BAD (12,25 millones d? CPU, o alrededor de 16 millones de dólar US), o un total de 66 millones de dólar US.

¿Bajo l? ¿efecto de estos distintos factores, Guinea registró sus más escasos resultados económicos desde más d? una década. El índice de crecimiento anual del PIB fue del 2,99%, contra un objetivo del 5% fijado en el DSRP. ¿En 2003, el índice de crecimiento del PIB del sector secundario (que incluye las minas, el fabricante, l? ¿agua, l? ¿electricidad y el BTP) a verano de l? orden del 0,5%.

Cuadro 3: ¿Evolución del PIB y l? ¿inflación, Guinea 1997? 2003 (en %)
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 ¿2003
de Tipo PIB
Tipo PIB por cabeza
Tau PIB rural
Tau d? inflación 4,8
1,8
-0,9 4,3
1,2
5,5
5,1 3,3
0,4
5,2
4,6 2,0
-0,9
-2,3
6,8 3,7
0,7
6,3
5,4 4,2
1,1
5,1
3,0 1,4
-1,7
4,5
14,8
Source MP/DNP: ¿encuadre macroeconómico, febrero de 2004

S? ¿tratándose de los gastos, conocieron una fuerte extensión de los últimos años, a causa del contexto tranquilizador en el bajo? región, de los esfuerzos importantes desplegados en favores de los sectores prioritarios y algunas lagunas observada en la gestión de la hacienda pública.

Esta extensión de los gastos combinados a una escasa movilización de los recursos condujo a partir de 2003 a fuertes tensiones sobre el presupuesto, sobre la balanza de pagos así como sobre el nivel general de los precios. ¿En 2003, el déficit presupuestario alcanzó cerca de un 10% del PIB, sobrepasando de sobra l? ¿objetivo de 3 al 5% fijado por el SRP, y el tipo d? ¿inflación s? es elevado al 14,8%, contra un 6,1% en 2002.

¿A pesar de este contexto especialmente difícil, se obtuvieron algunos progresos no desdeñables en algunos ámbitos, en particular, l? ¿educación, la salud, l? ¿hidráulica campesina y las infraestructuras de transportes

en los ámbitos de l? educación y de la salud, se tendrá en cuenta que:

? ¿L? ¿acceso a los servicios d? ¿educación s? sensiblemente se mejora. ¿En 2002, un 57,1% de los hogares eran de menos de 15 Mn d? ¿una escuela primaria, contra un 11,5% de los hogares que son a una hora o más d? una escuela primaria;
? Los porcentajes bruto de escolarización (TBS) a la enseñanza primaria pasaron un 56,5% en 1999/00 al 74% en 2002/03, lo que representa una ganancia de 17,5 puntos en 3 años. El cociente muchachas/total de los alumnos pasó de 0, 40 en 1999/00 a 0,43 en 2002/03;
? ¿Alrededor del 41% de los hogares (31% en el medio rural y 65% en zona urbana) que disponen d? ¿un servicio de salud a menos de 30 Mn
? ¿El índice de cobertura vaccínea de los niños y mujeres en edad de procrear s? ¿se mejora así qu? sigue:

Antígeno 2001 2002 2003
BCG
DTCP
VHB
VAR
VAA
VAT-2 + 75
64
-
59
-
52 71
58
-
61
17
53 83
65
-
70
33
56


dicho esto, mucho queda por hacer para mejorar la calidad de los servicios, reforzar y persistir los acervos. ¿Según los resultados de l? investigación QUIBB 2002 (cuestionario unificado sobre los indicadores básicos del bienestar):

o ¿64,4%des alumnos se declaran no satisfechos de los servicios escolares (libros y suministros, calidad de l? ¿enseñanza, falta d? enseñanza etc ).
o ¿Solamente 47% de las personas que consultaron a un experto de la salud durante s 4 semanas anteriores l? ¿investigación estuvo satisfecha, contra un 53% de descontentos (coste de los servicios, tratamiento ineficaz, falta de medicamento, larga espera, falta de personal formada)

S? ¿tratándose de l? ¿hidráulica campesina, 2.942 puntos d? ¿agua, esencialmente de las perforaciones, se realizó entre 2000 y 2003, contra un objetivo de 3.200 puntos d? agua fijados en el DSRP.

En el ámbito de los transportes y las obras públicas, de conformidad con las realizaciones entre 2001 y 2003, se puede citar:

? ¿La rehabilitación de 1.078 km de pistas rural, contra 1.483, 6 km previstos, lo que representa un porcentaje de realización del 72%
? ¿L? mantiene de 4.700 km para pista, contra una previsión de 4.647 km o sea un tipo de realización de ¿101,5%
? La continuación de los trabajos de asfaltado de ¿carretera estratégica Kankan? ¿Kourémalé, con la supresión de los recipientes sobre Níger y el tinkisso
? ¿La construcción d? ¿un puente sobre el fatala así como l? mantenimiento de las carreteras nacional y regionales

2. ¿LO QUE ESTÁ EN JUEGO D? ¿Un PARTENARAT ENONOMIQUE

el SRP suscitó mucho d? ¿entusiasmo y d? esperanza en las poblaciones. ¿sin embargo, para su puesta en? ¿obra, de las cuestiones esenciales desafían al Gobierno y a sus distintos socios, tanto l? ¿interior de l? exterior. ¿él s? actúa de saber, entre otras cosas: ¿cómo crear las condiciones d? ¿una reactivación constante y duradera del crecimiento económico? ¿Cómo movilizar las financiaciones necesarias para su desarrollo económico? ¿cómo mejorar l? ¿oferta y la calidad de los servicios públicos a las poblaciones?

¿Es necesario recordar que l? UE europea es el primer socio comercial de Guinea. ¿Permanece l también? uno de los principales abastecedores de fondo para la financiación de las infraestructuras básicas. ¿L? ¿UE europea interviene en los ámbitos prioritarios que son las carreteras, las grandes obras de financiación (como el puente sobre el fatala), l? ¿hidráulica campesina, la salud, l? agricultura, la pesca.

¿Por otra parte l? análisis prospectivo del desarrollo económico del país revela que las oportunidades de crecimiento se basarán durante mucho tiempo en:

? ¿L? ¿explotación minera, a través de l? ¿apertura de nuevas explotaciones y l? ¿extensión de las ya existentes así como el desarrollo del sector bauxita? ¿alúmina? ¿aluminio
? ¿L? ¿mejora de la productividad del sector rural y la diversificación de sus sectores d? ¿exportación
? La promoción de las pequeñas y medianas empresas.

¿En el contexto de lucha contra la pobreza, una asociación económica con l? ¿UE sería d? lo que está en juego a nivel capital. ¿Contribuirá a la dinámica económica local a través de inversiones directas en l? ¿aparato de producción, a la promoción de las inversiones privadas europeas en l? ¿economía local, a la diversificación de l? ¿economía, a l” mejora de la calidad de los productos así como qu? ¿a l? apertura del mercado europeo para las exportaciones.

¿Por otra parte, la cooperación financiera con l? ¿UE europea constituye un factor decisivo para l? ¿mejora de la situación de la hacienda pública y el desarrollo de los servicios sociales básicos, todas cosas esenciales para el bienestar de las poblaciones y l? mejora de las perspectivas de desarrollo sostenible.

proposta di strategia di riduzione della povertà nel mio paese
Automatically translated into Italian thanks to WorldLingo
C? è per me un onore ed un reale piacere di trovarlo fra voi questa mattina per parlare della strategia nazionale del mio paese nella lotta contro la povertà nel contesto d? un Accordo di partenariato economico ACP? Ue.

In effetti nel corso di questa presentazione, j? illustrerebbero tre punti principali, cioè gli obiettivi ed orientamenti della strategia nazionale di riduzione della povertà in Guinea, le condizioni della messa in? opera, e le sfide d? un partenariato economico con l? unione europea.

Ma soprattutto, permettete? io di fare un richiamo di l? evoluzione delle politiche economiche e sociali messe in? opera nel nostro paese vicino da d? una ventina d? anni. In effetti, dopo molti anni di politica di stabilizzazione e d? adeguamento strutturale, un ampio consenso s? è liberato attorno ai punti seguenti:

? I programmi di riforme messi in? opera ha costi sociali molto elevati per le popolazioni povere e vulnerabili
? Le prestazioni di questi programmi si sono rivelate abbastanza deboli in termini di crescita economica e di creazione d? occupazione
? In l? assenza d? una crescita forte e duratura, la stabilità macro? economico e finanziaria non può essere garantita in modo duraturo.

Dopo il bilancio mitigato di questi programmi, il governo, con l? appoggio dei suoi partner allo sviluppo, presi ad un nuovo approccio che riguarda una forte che coinvolge popolazioni alla base in l? orientamento e la condotta dei programmi di sviluppo. In questo contesto, di ampie consultazioni furono organizzate nel 1997, a l? occasione della presentazione della strategia d? Assistenza della Banca mondiale.

I risultati di queste consultazioni hanno permesso di individuare le principali preoccupazioni delle popolazioni, cioè lo sviluppo delle strade e tracciati rurali, l? miglioramento dei servizi sociali di base, in particolare la salute e l? istruzione, e lo sviluppo del settore rurale. Hanno anche funto da base alla preparazione ed al lancio d? una nuova serie di progetti e programmi imperniati sulla lotta contro la povertà. Egli s? agisce in particolare del PACV, del PRCI e del PPSG 1.

Per intensificare e coordinare meglio gli sforzi di lotta contro la povertà, il governo ha intrapreso una vasta riflessione in previsione della formulazione e della messa in? opera d? una strategia globale di sviluppo imperniata sulla crescita economica e la riduzione della povertà. L? sfide di questa strategia sono di fungere da quadro a tutti gli interventi a favore dello sviluppo nazionale.

Di conseguenza, questioni essenziali richiedevano risposte pertinenti: Cosa occorre? egli intendere con il concetto di povertà? Quale passo adottato per la formulazione e la messa in? opera della strategia?

In termini di passo, il governo ha adottato un approccio partecipe con l? obiettivo d? coinvolgere tutti gli attori della vita nazionale (amministrazione pubblica, istituzioni repubblicane, popolazioni alla base, organizzazioni della società civile, attori del settore privato, partner allo sviluppo). Risultati delle consultazioni organizzate a questo scopo, egli s? è liberato che la povertà è fenomeno multidimensionale caratterizzato da diverse forme di privazioni (debolezza di reddito, disoccupazione, malattia, abitazioni indecenti, debole capacità ecc.? ).


L? esame del profilo della povertà permette anche di sorgere l? interdipendenza di queste dimensioni. In effetti, se nessuna categoria sociale n? è salvato dal fenomeno, presenta gradi variabili secondo la zona d? abitazione (rurale o urbana), la regione, la categoria socio? professionalmente ecc.

Così, l? incidenza della povertà è due volte più elevata in ambiente rurale (52, 5%) qu? in mezzo urbano (25%) e, rispetto al livello della povertà a Conakry, 7,8 volte più elevata. L? povertà estrema riguarda quasi il 18% della popolazione rurale contro lo 0,3% a Conakry ed il 5,6% al livello degli altri centri urbani. Il consumo del 20% degli individui più poveri rappresenta appena il 7% del consumo totale, e quella del 20% i più ricchi rappresentano il 47% del totale.

S? agendo della relazione tra la salute e la popolazione ad esempio, i dati disponibili segnalano che le famiglie povere hanno meno accessi alle cure sanitarie. Soltanto il 12% del 20% del più povero consulta i servizi pubblici di salute? sono malati, contro più del 50% per il 20% i più ricchi. L? essenziale degli strati più poveri fa ricorso ai servizi della salute tradizionale.


1. Gli OBIETTIVI ED ARTICOLAZIONI del SRP


nei confronti di ciò che precede, la strategia nazionale di riduzione della povertà è stata elaborata con per obiettivo generale di ridurre durevolmente e significativamente la povertà in Guinea.
Gli obiettivi specifici sono in particolare:

? L? aumento dei redditi, attraverso la promozione delle attività economiche, in particolare nella sfera delle più povere. A l? orizzonte 2010, l? obiettivo è di ridurre l? incidenza della povertà monetaria al 30% a livello nazionale ed al 38% nelle zone rurali, contro rispettivamente il 40,3% ed il 52,5% nel 1994/95
? L? miglioramento di l? accesso e la qualità dei servizi sociali di base, e
? La riduzione delle diseguaglianze e l? esclusione sociale

per raggiungere quest'obiettivi, una strategia globale ed integrata è stata elaborata attorno a tre assi principali:

a) L? accelerazione della crescita economica, con ampie opportunità di redditi per i poveri, attraverso politiche imperniate sulla preservazione della stabilità macro? economico e finanziaria, lo sviluppo delle infrastrutture di base (acqua, elettricità, trasporto e telecomunicazione), l? appoggio ai settori portatori di crescita (il settore rurale, le miniere, il turismo, l? artigianato ecc. )
b) Lo sviluppo e l? accesso equo al servizio sociale di base (istruzione, sanità, acqua e risanamento, habitazione ecc. ) :
? In materia d? istruzione, portare la priorità sul livello di base, con l? obiettivo d'istruzione universale a l? orizzonte 2012: prosecuzione dello sviluppo delle infrastrutture scolastiche; assunzione formazione reimpiego e motivazione del personale che insegna; miglioramento dei mezzi di funzionamento; messa a disposizione del materiale didattico e soppressione dei costi diretti a livello del primario; messa in atto delle disposizioni favorevoli a l? istruzione delle ragazze

? In materia di salute, l? obiettivo è d? garantire a tutti migliori condizioni di salute. Per arrivarvi, la politica sanitaria nazionale è imperniata su:

? Il rafforzamento della prevenzione e della lotta contro le malattie prioritarie (epatite B, tubercolosi, malattie diarroiche, paludisme, VIU/AIDS ecc. ) : allargamento della copertura vaccinica; disponibilità regolare dei prodotti; trattamento dei casi di paludisme profilassi nella donna incinta; assunzione a carico delle gravidanze rischi e delle urgenze obstétricales, parto sotto sorveglianza
? L? miglioramento di l? accesso dei poveri al servizio essenziale di salute: priorità sulle formazioni sanitarie di base, in particolare i posti di salute, estensione del pacchetto minimo d? attività e miglioramento della gestione delle risorse umane, sovvenzioni di funzionamento agli stabilimenti di cure, promozione reciproca di salute ecc.
? Il rafforzamento delle capacità istituzionali e di gestione: ridefinizione dei ruoli nella gestione del sistema sanitario, prosecuzione del decentramento di bilancio, rafforzamento delle capacità a tutti i livelli e miglioramento degli attrezzi di pianificazione e di gestione.
? Nel settore di l? acqua, l? obiettivo è di portare il tasso d? accesso a l? acqua potabile al 90% nel 2010 contro il 49% nel 1999: realizzazione del 3o progetto acqua, estensione della rete terziaria, realizzazione di reti d? adduzione d? acqua per 7 città di l? interno del paese, rafforzamento degli impianti in sfruttamento, riforme istituzionali richieste per garantire un migliore sfruttamento delle infrastrutture, prosecuzione delle perforazioni, delle sistemazioni di pozzi e di fonti.
? Miglioramento della gestione e delle capacità istituzionali, attraverso una migliore assegnazione e la trasparenza nella gestione delle risorse pubbliche; un rafforzamento dei poteri finanziari delle strutture alla base; un responsabilisation aumentato dei beneficiari nella formulazione, la messa in? opera, il seguito e l? valutazione delle azioni di sviluppo, la prosecuzione e l? intensificazione della lotta contro la corruzione e l? miglioramento della qualità della giustizia.


2. LA MESSA IN? OPERA della STRATEGIA

dal 2000, è stato segnato da molte scosse esogene (prosecuzione di conflitti armati in sotto? regione, attacchi ribelli contro il territorio nazionale, aumento dei prezzi del petrolio, ribasso dei prezzi dei prodotti d? esportazione e ribasso dei finanziamenti esterni) ed endogeni (forti perturbazioni pluviometriche, gravi penurie nei settori di l? acqua e di l? elettricità, deficit di mobilizzazione delle risorse interne e problemi collegati con la gestione delle spese pubbliche).
A ciò, occorre aggiungere soltanto l? appoggio dei partner allo sviluppo n? a non stato all'altezza delle attese e degli entusiasmi suscitati dalla strategia. A titolo di l? iniziativa PPTE, la mobilizzazione delle risorse s? è limitato a 40 mds GNF nel 2001, 69,5 mds nel 2002 e 81,9 mds nel 2003, sia un totale di d? circa 96 milioni di dollaro US per i tre anni. A titolo degli appoggi di bilancio, la Guinea n? beneficiare che di due operazioni di finanziamento: il CASO IV della Banca mondiale (50 milioni di dollaro US) ed il PASSO III della BAD (12,25 milioni d? UC, sia circa 16 milioni di dollaro US), sia un totale di 66 milioni di dollaro US.

Sotto l? effetto di questi vari fattori, la Guinea ha registrato i suoi deboli risultati economici più da d? un decennio. Il tasso di crescita annuale del PIL è stato pari al 2,99%, contro un obiettivo del 5% fissato nella DSRP. Nel 2003, il tasso di crescita del PIL del settore secondario (che comprende le miniere, il fabbricante, l? acqua, l? elettricità e la BTP) ad estate di l? ordine dello 0,5%.

Tabella 3: Evoluzione del PIL e di l? inflazione, Guinea 1997? 2003 (in %)
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
tasso PIL
tasso PIL pro capite
Tau PIB rurale
Tau d? inflazione 4,8
1,8
-0,9 4,3
1,2
5,5
5,1 3,3
0,4
5,2
4,6 2,0
-0,9
-2,3
6,8 3,7
0,7
6,3
5,4 4,2
1,1
5,1
3,0 1,4
-1,7
4,5
14,8
source MP/DNP: inquadratura macroeconomica, febbraio 2004

S? agendo delle spese, hanno conosciuto una forte espansione degli ultimi anni, a causa del contesto di Securità in sotto? regione, degli sforzi importanti fatti in favori dei settori prioritari ed alcune lacune osservata nella gestione delle finanze pubbliche.

Quest'espansione delle spese combinate ad una debole mobilizzazione delle risorse ha condotto a partire dal 2003 a forti tensioni sul bilancio, sulla bilancia dei pagamenti e sul livello generale dei prezzi. Nel 2003, il deficit di bilancio ha raggiunto quasi il 10% del PIL, che supera in gran parte l? obiettivo da 3 al 5% fissato dalla SRP, ed il tasso d? inflazione s? è elevato al 14,8%, contro il 6,1% nel 2002.

Nonostante questo contesto particolarmente difficile, progressi non trascurabili sono stati ottenuti in alcuni settori, in particolare l? istruzione, la sanità, l? l'idraulica di villaggio e le infrastrutture di trasporti

nei settori di l? istruzione e della salute, si noterà che:

? L? accesso ai servizi d? istruzione s? è sensibilmente migliorato. Nel 2002, il 57,1% delle famiglie era a meno di 15 mn d? una scuola primaria, contro l'11,5% delle famiglie che sono ad un'ora o più d? una scuola primaria;
? I tassi grezzo d'istruzione (TBS) al primario sono passati dal 56,5% nel 1999/00 al 74% nel 2002/03, cioè un guadagno di 17,5 punti in 3 anni. Il rapporto ragazze/totale degli allievi è passato da 0, 40 nel 1999/00 a 0,43 nel 2002/03;
? Circa 41% delle famiglie (31% in ambiente rurale e 65% in zona urbana) che dispongono d? un servizio sanitario a meno di 30 mn
? Il tasso di copertura vaccinica dei bambini e delle donne in età di procreare s? è migliorato così qu? segue:

Antigene 2001 2002 2003
BCG
DTCP
VHB
VAR
VAA
VAT-2 + 75
64
-
59
-
52 71
58
-
61
17
53 83
65
-
70
33
56


questo detto, molto rimane da fare migliorare la qualità dei servizi, rafforzare e perpetuare le acquisizioni. Secondo i risultati di l? indagine QUIBB 2002 (questionario unificato sugli indicatori di base del benessere):

o 64,4%des allievi si dichiarano non soddisfatti dei servizi scolastici (libri e forniture, qualità di l? insegnamento, mancanza d? insegnamento ecc. ).
o Soltanto 47% delle persone che hanno consultato un esperto della salute nel corso di s 4 settimane precedenti l? indagine è stata soddisfatta, contro il 53% insoddisfatti (costo dei servizi, trattamento inefficace, mancanza di medicina, lunga attesa, mancanza di personale formato)

di S? agendo di l? l'idraulica di villaggio, 2.942 punti d? acqua, principalmente delle perforazioni, è stata realizzata tra il 2000 ed il 2003, contro un obiettivo di 3.200 punti d? acqua fissati nella DSRP.

Nel settore dei trasporti e dei lavori pubblici, a titolo delle realizzazioni tra il 2001 ed il 2003, si può citare:

? La riabilitazione di 1.078 km di tracciati rurale, contro 1.483, 6 km previsti, cioè un tasso di realizzazione del 72%
? L? avere un colloquio con 4.700 km per tracciati, contro una previsione di 4.647 km cioè un tasso di realizzazione di 101,5%
? La prosecuzione dei lavori di bitumage di strada strategica Kankan? Kourémalé con la soppressione delle vasche sul Niger ed il tinkisso
? La costruzione d? un ponte sulla fatala e l? intervista delle strade nazionale e regionali

2. SFIDA D? Una PARTENARAT ENONOMIQUE

la SRP ha suscitato molto d? entusiasmo e d? speranza a livello delle popolazioni. tuttavia, per la sua messa in? opera, delle questioni essenziali sfida il governo ed i suoi vari partner, tanti l? interno di l? esterno. egli s? agisce di sapere, tra l'altro: come creare le condizioni d? un rilancio sostenuto e duraturo della crescita economica? Come mobilitare i finanziamenti necessari al suo sviluppo economico? come migliorare l? offerta e la qualità dei servizi pubblici alle popolazioni?

Occorre ricordare soltanto l? Ue europea è il primo partner commerciale della Guinea. Rimane anche l? uno dei principali fornitori di fondo per il finanziamento delle infrastrutture di base. L? Ue europea interviene nei settori prioritari che sono le strade, i grandi lavori di finanziamento (come il ponte sulla fatala), l? l'idraulica di villaggio, la salute, l? agricoltura, la pesca.

Par ailleurs l?analyse prospective du développement économique du pays révèle que les opportunités de croissance reposeront pendant longtemps sur :

? L? coltivazione mineraria, attraverso l? apertura di nuovi sfruttamenti e l? estensione di quelle già esistenti e lo sviluppo del settore bauxite? allumina? alluminio
? L? miglioramento della produttività del settore rurale e la diversificazione dei suoi settori d? esportazione
? La promozione delle piccole e medie imprese.

Nel contesto di lotta contro la povertà, un partenariato economico con l? Ue sarebbe d? una sfida capitale. Contribuirà alla dinamica economica locale attraverso investimenti diretti in l? apparecchio di produzione, alla promozione degli investimenti privati europei in l? economia locale, alla diversificazione di l? economia, a l„ miglioramento della qualità dei prodotti e qu? a l? apertura del mercato europeo per le esportazioni.

D'altra parte, la cooperazione finanziaria con l? Ue europea costituisce un fattore decisivo per l? miglioramento della situazione delle finanze pubbliche e lo sviluppo dei servizi sociali di base, ogni cosa essenziale per il benessere delle popolazioni e l? miglioramento delle prospettive di sviluppo duraturo.

Vorschlag einer Strategie der Reduzierung der Armut in meinem Land
Automatically translated into German thanks to WorldLingo
C? für mich ist eine Ehre und ein wirkliches Vergnügen, mich unter Ihnen dieser Morgen wiederzufinden, um über die nationale Strategie meines Landes in der Bekämpfung der Armut im Zusammenhang d zu sprechen? ein Abkommen von wirtschaftlicher AKP-Zusammenarbeit? EU.

In der Tat im Laufe dieser Vorstellung j? drei Hauptpunkte, nämlich würden die Zielsetzungen und Leitlinien der nationalen Strategie der Reduzierung der Armut in Guinea zur Sprache bringen, die Bedingungen des Setzens in? Werk und die Einsätze d? eine wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit mit l? Europäische Union.

Aber vor allem erlauben? mich einen Rückruf l zu geben? Entwicklung der Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitiken, die gestellt wurden, in? Werk in unserem Land seit nahe d? etwa zwanzig d? Jahre. In der Tat nach mehreren Jahren Stabilisierungspolitik und d? Strukturanpassung, ein breiter Konsens s? um die folgenden Punkte freigesetzt wird:

? Die Reformprogramme, die gestellt wurden, in? Werk haben sehr hohe soziale Kosten für die armen und verletzbaren Bevölkerungen
? Die Leistungen dieser Programme haben sich in Bezug auf Wirtschaftswachstum und Schaffung d als ziemlich schwach erwiesen? Beschäftigung
? In l? Abwesenheit d? ein starkes und dauerhaftes Wachstum die Stabilität Makro-? wirtschaftlich und finanziell könnte nicht dauerhaft versichert werden.

Aufgrund der dieser Programme die Regierung mit l abgeschächten Bilanz? Unterstützung seiner Partner der Entwicklung an genommen einem neuen Konzept, das ein starkes anvisiert, das Bevölkerungen an der Basis in l hinzuzieht? Orientierung und die Leitung der Entwicklungsprogramme. In diesem Rahmen von breiten Konsultationen im Jahre 1997 an l organisiert wurden? Gelegenheit der Vorstellung der Strategie d? Unterstützung der Weltbank.

Die Ergebnisse dieser Konsultationen haben erlaubt, die Hauptanliegen der Bevölkerungen freizusetzen, nämlich die Entwicklung der Landstraßen und Spuren, l? Verbesserung der Sozialdienste der Basis insbesondere die Gesundheit und l? Erziehung und die Entwicklung des Landsektors. Sie haben ebenfalls als Grundlage für die Vorbereitung und für die Einführung d gedient? eine neue Reihe von ausgerichteten Projekten und Programmen über die Bekämpfung der Armut. Er s? handelt insbesondere um das PACV, um das PRCI und um PPSG 1.

Um zu intensivieren und die Anstrengungen zur Bekämpfung der Armut besser zu koordinieren hat die Regierung eine ausgedehnte überlegung angesichts der Formulierung und vom Setzen unternommen in? Werk d? eine globale Entwicklungsstrategie, die auf das Wirtschaftswachstum und die Reduzierung der Armut ausgerichtet wurde. L? Einsätze dieser Strategie besteht darin, allen Interventionen zugunsten der nationalen Entwicklung als Rahmen zu dienen.

Unter diesem Gesichtspunkt erforderten wesentliche Fragen sachdienliche Antworten: Ist was notwendig? er unter dem Armutskonzept zu verstehen? Welches Vorgehen, das für die Formulierung und das Setzen angenommen wurde in? Werk der Strategie?

In Bezug auf Vorgehen hat die Regierung ein participative Konzept mit l angenommen? Zielsetzung d? alle Beteiligten des nationalen Lebens hinzuzuziehen (öffentliche Verwaltung, republikanische Institutionen, Bevölkerungen an der Basis, Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft, Beteiligte des Privatsektors, Partner an der Entwicklung). Ergebnisse der zu diesem Zweck organisierten Konsultationen er s? freigesetzt wird, daß die Armut mehrdimensionales Phänomen ist, das durch verschiedene Entbehrungsformen charakterisiert wurde (Einkommensschwäche, Arbeitslosigkeit, Krankheit, indécentes Wohnungen, schwache Kapazität usw.? ).


L? Prüfung des Profils der Armut erlaubt ebenfalls hervorzugehen l? Interdependenz dieser Dimensionen. In der Tat, wenn keine soziale Kategorie n? durch das Phänomen gespart wird, er stellt veränderliche Grade nach der Zone d vor? Wohnung (ländlich oder städtisch), die Region, die Soziokategorie? beruflich usw.

Somit l? Auswirkung der Armut ist zweimal höher im ländlichen Raum (52 5%) qu? in städtischem Lebensraum (25%) und hinsichtlich des Niveaus der Armut in Conakry 7,8 Mal höher. L? extreme Armut betrifft etwa 18% der Landbevölkerung gegen 0,3% in Conakry und 5,6% in den anderen Stadtzentren. Der Verbrauch der 20% der ärmsten Individuen stellt kaum 7% des Gesamtverbrauchs dar, und jener der 20% stellen die reichsten 47% der Gesamtzahl dar.

S? heben die handeln um die Beziehung zwischen der Gesundheit und der Bevölkerung, zum Beispiel verfügbaren Daten hervor, und daß die armen Haushalte weniger Zugang zu den Gesundheitsdiensten haben. Nur 12% der 20% der ärmsten befragen die öffentlichen Dienste der Gesundheit lorsqu? sie sind gegen mehr als 50% für den 20% krank die reichsten. L? Wesentliches der ärmsten Schichten nehmen die Dienste der traditionellen Gesundheit in Anspruch.


1. Die ZIELSETZUNGEN UND GELENKE des SRP


im Hinblick auf das, was vorausgeht, ist die nationale Reduzierungsstrategie der Armut mit für allgemeine Zielsetzung ausgearbeitet worden, dauerhaft und signifikant zu reduzieren die Armut in Guinea.
Die spezifischen Zielsetzungen sind insbesondere:

? L? Erhöhung der Einkommen durch die Förderung der Wirtschaftstätigkeiten insbesondere im Raum der ärmsten. A l? Horizont 2010 l? Zielsetzung besteht darin, l zu reduzieren? Auswirkung der Währungsarmut an 30% auf dem nationalen Niveau und an 38% in den ländlichen Gebieten gegen 40,3% bzw. 52,5% im Jahre 1994/95
? L? Verbesserung l? Zugang und die Qualität der Sozialdienstleistungen der Basis und
? Die Reduzierung der Ungleichheiten und l? soziale Ausgrenzung,

um diese Zielsetzungen, eine globale und integrierte Strategie zu erreichen, ist um drei Hauptgebiete ausgearbeitet worden:

a) L? Beschleunigung des Wirtschaftswachstums mit breiten Einkommensgelegenheiten für die Armen durch Politiken, die auf die Erhaltung der Stabilität ausgerichtet wurden, Makro-? wirtschaftlich und finanziell die Entwicklung der Basisinfrastrukturen (Wasser, Elektrizität, Transport und Telekommunikation), l? Unterstützung der Sektoren, die für Wachstum sorgen (der Landsektor, die Bergwerke, der Tourismus, l? Handwerk usw. )
b) Die Entwicklung und l? gerechter Zugang zu den Sozialdiensten der Basis (Erziehung, Gesundheit, Wasser und Sanierung, Lebensraum usw. ) :
? In Material d? Erziehung die Priorität das Ausgangsniveau mit l zu betreffen? Zielsetzung universeller Einschulung l? Horizont 2012: Fortsetzung der Entwicklung der Schulinfrastrukturen; Rekrutieren Umschichtungsbildung und Motivierung des lehrenden Personals; Verbesserung der Mittel des Funktionierens; Zurverfügungstellung von den Lehrmitteln und Abschaffung der direkten Kosten bei der Grundschule; Einführung der Bestimmungen, die für l günstig sind? Erziehung der Mädchen

? Hinsichtlich Gesundheit, l? Zielsetzung ist d? an allen bessere Gesundheitsbedingungen zu gewährleisten. Um dahin anzukommen wird die nationale Gesundheitspolitik ausgerichtet auf:

? Die Verstärkung der Vorbeugung und der Bekämpfung der vorrangigen Krankheiten (hepatitis B, Tuberkulose, diarrhéiques Krankheiten, Paludismus, HIV/AIDS usw. ) : Erweiterung der Impfdecke; regelmäßige Verfügbarkeit der Produkte; Behandlung der Paludismusfälle Prophylaxe bei der schwangeren Frau; übernommen der Risikoschwangerschaften und der Entbindungsdringlichkeiten, Entbindung unter überwachung
? L? Verbesserung l? Zugang der Armen zu den wesentlichen Gesundheitsdiensten: Priorität auf den sanitären Basisformationen insbesondere die Posten der Gesundheit Ausdehnung des Mindestpaketes d? Aktivitäten und Verbesserung der Verwaltung der Humanressourcen, Subventionen des Funktionierens an der Pflegeschaffung, gegenseitige Gesundheitsförderung usw.
? Die Verstärkung der institutionellen Kapazitäten und Verwaltung: Neudefinierung der Rollen bei der Verwaltung des Gesundheitssystems, Fortsetzung der Haushaltsdekonzentration, Verstärkung der Kapazitäten auf allen Niveaus und Verbesserung der Planungs- und Verwaltungswerkzeuge.
? Im Bereich l? Wasser, l? Zielsetzung besteht darin, den Satz d zu tragen? Zugang zu l? Trinkwasser an 90% im Jahre 2010 gegen 49% im Jahre 1999: Verwirklichung des 3. Projekts Wasser, Ausdehnung des tertiär Sektornetzes, Netzverwirklichung d? Heranführung d? Wasser für 7 Städte l? Inneres des Landes, Verstärkung der Einrichtungen in Betrieb, institutionellen Reformen, die gefordert wurden, um einen besseren Betrieb der Infrastrukturen, Fortsetzung der Bohrungen, der Grube- und Quellenausbauarbeiten zu gewährleisten.
? Verbesserung des Gouverneursamtes und der institutionellen Kapazitäten durch eine bessere Zuwendung und der Transparenz in der Verwaltung der öffentlichen Mittel; eine Verstärkung der finanziellen Macht der Strukturen an der Basis; eine verstärkte Mitverantwortung der Empfänger in der Formulierung, dem Setzen in? Werk, die Beobachtung und l? Bewertung der Entwicklungsmaßnahmen die Verfolgung und l? Verstärkung des Kampfes gegen die Bestechung und l? Verbesserung der Qualität der Justiz.


2. DAS SETZEN IN? WERK der STRATEGIE

seit 2000 ist er durch mehrere exogene Schocks geprägt worden (Fortsetzung von Konflikten, die bewaffnet wurden, in unter? Region, aufsäßige Angriffe gegen das Staatsgebiet, Anstieg der Erdölpreise, Rückgangs der Preise für Produkte d? Ausfuhr und Rückgang der äußerlichen) und endogenen Finanzierungen (starke Regenmessungsstörungen, ernste Mängel in den Bereichen l? Wasser und von l? Elektrizität, Defizit der Mobilisierung der inneren Mittel und Probleme, die mit der Verwaltung der öffentlichen Ausgaben zusammenhängen).
AN das muß man nur l hinzufügen? Unterstützung der Partner der Entwicklung n? gewesenes a nicht auf der Höhe der Erwartungen und der Begeisterung, die durch die Strategie ausgelöst wurden. Gemäß l? PPTE-Initiative die Mobilisierung der Mittel s? auf 40 mds GNF im Jahre 2001 begrenzt ist, 69,5 mds im Jahre 2002, und 81,9 mds im Jahre 2003 ist eine Gesamtzahl d? ungefähr 96 Millionen US-Dollar für die drei Jahre. Gemäß den Haushaltsunterstützungen Guinea n? zu profitieren, daß von zwei Finanzierungsgeschäften: FALL IV der Weltbank (50 Millionen US Dollar) und SCHRITT III von BAD (12,25 Millionen d? UC entweder ungefähr 16 Millionen US Dollar), oder Gesamtzahl von 66 Millionen US-Dollar.

Unter l? Wirkung dieser verschiedenen Faktoren hat Guinea seine schwächsten Wirtschaftsleistungen seit mehr d registriert? ein Jahrzehnt. Die jährliche Wachstumsrate des BIP hat 2,99% betragen, gegen eine Zielsetzung von 5%, die im DSRP festgelegt ist. Im Jahre 2003 die Wachstumsrate des BIP des sekundären Sektors (das die Bergwerke, den Hersteller, l umfaßt? Wasser, l? Elektrizität und das BTP) am Sommer der l? Befehl von 0,5%.

Tabelle 3: Entwicklung des BIP und l? Inflation, Guinea 1997? 2003 (in %)
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Satz BIP
Satz BIP durch Kopf
Landtau PIB
Tau d? Inflation 4,8
1,8
-0,9 4,3
1,2
5,5
5,1 3,3
0,4
5,2
4,6 2,0
-0,9
-2,3
6,8 3,7
0,7
6,3
5,4 4,2
1,1
5,1
3,0 1,4
-1,7
4,5
14,8
Source MP/DNP: makroökonomisches Einrahmen, Februar 2004

S? sie handeln um die Ausgaben, und haben eine starke Expansion der letzten Jahre wegen des Sicherheitszusammenhangs gekannt in unter? Region von den großen Anstrengungen, die in Gunstbezeigungen der vorrangigen Sektoren und bestimmten Lücken unternommen wurden, die in der Verwaltung der öffentlichen Finanzen beobachtet wurde.

Diese Expansion der Ausgaben, die an einer schwachen Mobilisierung der Mittel verbunden sind, hat ab 2003 zu starken Spannungen auf dem Budget, auf der Bilanz der Zahlungen sowie auf dem allgemeinen Niveau der Preise geführt. Im Jahre 2003 hat das Haushaltsdefizit etwa 10% des BIP erreicht, die weit l überschreiten? durch das SRP und den Satz d festgelegte Zielsetzung von 3 bis 5%? Inflation s? ist an 14,8% gegen 6,1% im Jahre 2002 hoch.

Ungeachtet dieses besonders schwierigen Zusammenhangs sind nicht unerhebliche Fortschritte auf bestimmten Gebieten erhalten worden, insbesondere l? Erziehung, die Gesundheit, l? Dorfhydraulik und die Verkehrsinfrastrukturen

in den Bereichen l? Erziehung und der Gesundheit wird man feststellen, daß:

? L? Zugang zu den Diensten d? Erziehung s? merklich verbessert wird. Im Jahre 2002 waren 57,1% der Haushalte auf weniger als 15 Mn d? eine Grundschule gegen 11,5% der Haushalte, die an einer Stunde sind oder mehr d? eine Grundschule;
? Die Einschulungssätze roh (TBS), an der Grundschule ist von 56,5% im Jahre 1999/00 auf 74% im Jahre 2002/03 übergegangen, das heißt ein Gewinn von 17,5 Punkten in 3 Jahren. Das Verhältnis Mädchen/Gesamtzahl der Schüler ist von 0 übergegangen 40 im Jahre 1999/00 auf 0,43 im Jahre 2002/03;
? Ungefähr 41% der Haushalte (31% im ländlichen Raum und 65% in Stadtgebiet), die d verfügen? ein Gesundheitsdienst auf weniger als 30 Mn
? Der Satz von Impfdeckung der Kinder und der Frauen in Alter zu zeugen s? so qu verbessert wird? er folgt:

Antigène 2001 2002 2003
BCG
DTCP
VHB
VAR
VAA
VAT-2 + 75
64
-
59
-
52 71
58
-
61
17
53 83
65
-
70
33
56


dies, viel bleiben sogenanntes, um die Qualität der Dienstleistungen zu verbessern, die Errungenschaften verstärken und verewigen zu lassen. Nach den Ergebnissen l? Untersuchung QUIBB 2002 (vereinter Fragebogen über die Indikatoren der Basis des Gutes zu sein):

o 64,4%des erklären sich Schüler von den Schuldiensten nicht zufrieden (Bücher und Lieferungen, Qualität l? Unterricht, Mangel d? Unterricht usw. ).
o Nur 47% der Personen, die einen Praktiker der Gesundheit befragt haben im Laufe s 4 vorhergehende Wochen l? Untersuchung waren gegen 53% von unzufriedenen zufrieden (Kosten der Dienste, unwirksame Behandlung, Mangel an Arzneimittel, langes Warten, geformter Mangel des Personals)

S? handelt um l? Dorfhydraulik 2.942 Punkte d? Wasser sind hauptsächlich die Bohrungen zwischen 2000 und 2003 gegen eine Zielsetzung von 3.200 Punkten d verwirklicht worden? Wasser befestigt im DSRP.

In den Bereichen des Verkehrs und der öffentlichen Arbeiten gemäß den Verwirklichungen zwischen 2001 und 2003 kann man zitieren:

? Die Landrehabilitation von 1.078 km von Spuren gegen 1.483 6 vorgesehene km, das heißt ein Verwirklichungssatz von 72%
? L? von 4.700 km für eine Spur gegen eine Prognose von 4.647 km, das heißt unterhält ein Satz der Verwirklichung von 101,5%
? Die Fortsetzung der Asphaltierungsarbeiten von strategische Straße Kankan? Kourémalé mit der Abschaffung der Behälter auf Niger und dem tinkisso
? Die Konstruktion d? eine Brücke auf dem fatala sowie l? Wartung der regionalen Straßen national und

2. EINSATZ D? PARTENARAT ENONOMIQUE

hat das SRP viel d hervorgebracht? Begeisterung und d? Hoffnung bei den Bevölkerungen. jedoch für sein Setzen in? Werk von den wesentlichen Fragen interpellieren die Regierung und ihre verschiedenen Partner, so sehr l? Inneres l? Außenseite. er s? handelt, unter anderem zu wissen: wie die Bedingungen d zu schaffen? eine anhaltende und dauerhafte Wiederbelebung des Wirtschaftswachstums? Wie die Finanzierungen zu mobilisieren, die für seine Wirtschaftsentwicklung notwendig sind? wie l zu verbessern? Angebot und die Qualität der öffentlichen Dienstleistungen an den Bevölkerungen?

Man muß nur an l erinnern? Europäische EU ist der erste Handelspartner aus Guinea. Sie bleibt ebenfalls l? einer der Hauptfondslieferanten für die Finanzierung der Basisinfra

October 15, 2008 | 07:36:06

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 KILLING POVERTY@3 - Posted By: smith

ENDING TO TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

I am working on an idea which will definitely result in the total end to poverty. This idea is developed from my 3rd objective in an NGO
I need resource assistance, contacts and networks to make this work and to be heard by most policy makers for it is the real tool.

This objective aims at motivating communities to economic drive.
The structure for this objective summarize to;
Being paid an amount of money for the services rendered on temporary bases. This system is cash but not for free. If it is developed in every sector of the developing country, it will go a long way to alleviate poverty. I am very sure about it. For more information about the actual designs and functioning contact me on TIG or needforfullpeace@gmail.com

Scenario:
A hungry man, woman, single parent, any sound person who is unemployed enters a farm or market center, or our production center, he sees the log bookman. Provide his registered ID as known to our production centre and he is allowed into the premises. Here there are many kinds of work. Farming, scrubbing, feeding, processing or packaging a farm produce, watching center (cars, cloth, carpets, etc)

The hungry young man;
Get the chance to feed the animals, watch cloths, cars or carpets or milk the cow or collect ripped vegetables in baskets and bring them to the storage facility or dry them under supervision. After finishing the number of hours spent and the amount of work done will determine a wage paid to him. He can then buy some food outside and eat. Equally he can send his money to do whatever he wants. With this kind of system we can end poverty.
This is because it includes a bigger structure where farm produce are stored and sent to wherever processing site and packaged to wherever markets through exportations or transport , washed cloths are ironed and hanged packaged for collection at a fee or sent to owners at a fee.

Here everybody can get a portion of work to do. And can be paid.
This will go a long way to reduce poverty and unemployment because there will be no body who is not employed or a worker. Most workers are temporally employed. It does not give room for laziness because everybody will want to work and earn a day meal and not beg for money or steal reducing social vices. This is because there is no idle hand for planning evil.

The break down follows shortly.

The structures
A farm
Land
Farm house
Supervisors
Registered database of unemployed in the area or community

* A Better Community for All (ABC4All), a virtual entity, encourages community empowerment through sharing of information.
* Participants create their own activity/role and eventually discover an appropriate self-designation, all the while supporting Global Humanitarian...
* What the World Needs Now: Mandated Action
* Summary In 75 words: A Better Community For All (ABC4All) focuses on the betterment of citizenry and communities via a give-back model of conducting...
* Where ABC4All is Headed

COMPARE WHAT SPENT ON WAR AND THAT OF PEACE AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

Below:

Fenced land for security International day of Peace

21 September 2006

Fact Sheet for the International Day of Peace
Costs of war and peace
Military vs. peace expenditures
• World military expenditure in 2005 reached an estimated $1.1 trillion per year. This corresponds to 2.5 percent of the world Gross Domestic Product, or an average $173 per capita. (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute 2006).
• The United Nations contributions for economic, social and humanitarian programmes to help the world’s poorest countries – through UNICEF, the World Food Programme, the UN Development Programme and others – amount to $10.5 billion a year. UN peacekeeping currently costs some $ 5 billion annually.
UN peacekeeping
• With 16 peacekeeping operations world-wide and more than 90,000 personnel in service, the UN spends approximately $5 billion per year on peacekeeping. This represented less than 0.5% of global military spending.
• The United Nations Security Council in August affirmed the international community’s confidence in UN peacekeeping by adopting three resolutions that could increase UN peacekeeping levels around the world by 50 percent, raising costs to $8 billion a year and the number of peacekeepers to well over 100,000. The Security Council voted to expand the UN force in Lebanon by 15,000 troops, create a new and larger mission, largely of police, in Timor-Leste and expand the UN Mission in Sudan by 17,300 troops and 5,300 police to bring stability to Darfur.
• Top 10 providers of assessed contributions to UN peacekeeping budget are (as of 1 January 2006): the United States (27%), Japan (19%), Germany (9%), the United Kingdom (7%), France (7%), Italy (5%), Canada (3%), Spain (3%), China (2%) and the Netherlands (2%).
• As of 30 June 2006, outstanding contributions to UN peacekeeping budget amounted to some $1.34 billion. Top 10 debtors were: the United States, Japan, Ukraine, China, Republic of Korea, Argentina, Belarus, France, the United Arab Emirates and Italy.
• Since 1948, more than 130 nations have contributed some 1 million military and police personnel to peace operations.
• As of 31 August 2006, 108 countries were contributing a total of some 75,000 uniformed personnel (military and police). There were also about 4,500 international civilian personnel, 1,800 UN Volunteers and more than 8,600 local civilian staff.
• Top 10 troop-contributors to UN peacekeeping operations are currently: Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Jordan, Nepal, Ghana, Uruguay Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa, providing together more than 65 percent of all UN military and police personnel. Less than 5.7 per cent came from the 25-member European Union and 0.5 per cent from the United States.
Effectiveness of UN peace operations
• Since 1945, UN peacekeepers have undertaken more than 60 field missions and participated in implementing some 170 peace settlements that have ended regional conflicts, and enabled people in more than 45 countries to participate in free and fair elections.
• UN peace operations are less expensive than other forms of international interventions. When UN costs per peacekeeper are compared to the costs of troops deployed by the US, developed states, NATO or regional organizations such as the AU, the UN is the least expensive option by far, according to a study by Washington D.C.’s Henry Stimson Center.
• A 2005 study by the US’ RAND Corporation compared different approaches to “nation-building”. The UN, it concluded, was the most suitable institutional framework for most nation-building missions, one with a comparatively low cost structure, a comparatively high success rate, and the greatest degree of international legitimacy.
• A 2005 survey by Oxford University economists found that international military intervention authorized by the UN is the most cost-effective means of reducing the risk of conflict in post-conflict societies.
• A 2005 study by the US Government Accountability Office estimated that it would cost the US about twice as much as the UN to conduct a peacekeeping operation similar to the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti — a projected $876 million compared to the UN budgeted $428 million for the first 14 months of the mission. Other comparative advantages of UN peacekeeping cited by this study included its multinational nature which provides impartiality and legitimacy; burden sharing, the development of staff members with experience in post conflict peacebuilding operations and a structure for coordinating international assistance.
The greater UN system’s work for peace
• The UN global role in the last five decades has been recognized by nine Nobel Peace Prizes. The IAEA and Director General Mohamed ElBaradei were awarded the Prize in 2005 and the UN and Secretary-General Kofi Annan were awarded the Centennial Nobel Peace Prize in 2001. The Prize went to the UN peacekeeping forces in 1988; to the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) in 1981; to the UN labour agency (the International Labor Organization or ILO) in 1969; to UNICEF in 1965; to Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld in1961; to UNHCR in 1954; and to the UN acting mediator in Palestine, J. Ralph Bunche, in 1950.
• In addition to peacekeepers, there are almost 40,000 staff members working for the UN Secretariat and related entities all over the world, and some 23,300 more working for United Nations agencies, funds and programmes such as UNICEF and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. By comparison, the city of Stockhom has some 44,000 employees and New York City, 300,000.
• Seventy per cent of the work of the UN system is devoted to helping countries build the capacity to help themselves. This includes countering disease, drugs, crime and terrorism; promoting democracy and human rights; saving children from starvation and disease; providing relief assistance to refugees and disaster victims; and assisting countries devastated by war and the long-term threat of land mines.
• Although the US is the largest financial contributor to the United Nations ($3.8 billion to be paid for 2006-7), smaller countries tend to contribute more per citizen to the UN budget. For instance, Luxembourg pays $2.44 per capita and Liechtenstein $2.09, while Germany contributes $1.51, France $1.44 and the United States $1.23.
Prepared by the UN Web Services Section, DPI, United Nations © 2006

October 15, 2008 | 07:22:28

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 Citizens of The Universe, Arise !!! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Citizens of The Universe, Arise!!!

We are poised to embrace our next initiation as a people.

We must embrace our Diversity,

We must embrace being our brother/sisters Keeper;

We must embrace the prescription of Harmony in our Universe;

We must follow the tenets of the economics of the Universe;

We must shed the shackles of our ignorance;

We must embrace the Transcedental Framework of Eternity;

We must embrace Servant Leadership.


For in so doing, we will change ourselves.

We will transform our relationships;

We will inaugurate a New Age on Earth;

We will grow into the knowledge and ways of our Creator;

We will become Citizens of the Universe.


Looking back, we will celebrate the transformative role of our Ignorance;

And like the Toddler learning to Walk by Crawling,

We will discover a deeper revelation;

That the Winter of Our Ignorance was to give birth to The Dawn of our Enlightenment!


This is Our Moment!

This is Our Time!

This is our Task!


We Have Heard the Call of Enternity,


Let us Answer to this Call;

Let us Rise to Our Destiny;

For We are Citizens of the Universe!

And our traditions are the Ways of The Universe!


We cannot settle for anything less!

Amen!

T. Kofi Hadjor
The Serpent Bearer
http://www.universeafrica.com
http://www.greenpasturessociety.org



October 15, 2008 | 06:44:02

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 sustainable living: personal weapons against poverty - Posted By: Wambui

When we think about fighting poverty, we usually think of how we can help those who are extremely poor to lead more dignified lives, by enabling them to access basic needs such as adequate food, clothing, decent shelter, water and sanitation and health services, access to a reasonable income and education.

While it is important to empower the poor so that they lead quality lives, we need to think of how we as a society are participating in actions that perpetuate rather than eliminate poverty.This has to do with the way we use the resources available to us i.e. If we do not use them sustainably then we are promoting the very poverty that we are trying to eliminate, by depleting the few resources that are available.This can only spell disaster for future generations since they will have to struggle if we do not live anything for them.

Global warming and climate change have led to issues such as desertification of farm lands,drying of water sources and changing climate patterns.This means that food production becomes difficult; due to diminishing arable land and long spells of drought; more people face water shortages and thus poverty is increased.

Therefore,we can say that environmental conservation and sustainable use of resources is very important if we are to win this war on poverty.We need to think and act sustainably even as we make and implement development plans to lift our people out of dehumanizing conditions.Lobbying and petitioning the policy-makers is very important, but we also need to look at the other side of the poverty equation:What role can we as individuals play in eliminating poverty?

As individuals we can play a significant role in fighting poverty by using resources more sensibly.If we all take time to learn everyday tips on how we can use the resources available to us more efficiently, then we will be making progress towards eradicating poverty.

Some of these actions of sustainable living include:recycling waste, reducing wastage of resources, not leaving the taps running and switching of lights when not in use.It is not only the work of the government to alleviate poverty, but you can also help in a big way by living sustainably.

You may have all that you need today and may not think much about that tap you left dripping, but if you do not act now to use resources more carefully,then your offspring will be affected since they may not have adequate water to live on.

Let us all take care of the environment and use our resources well.It is your life, and the future is at stake!

October 15, 2008 | 06:25:39

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 لا للفقر ... نعم للتعليم - Posted By: Alaa Almalfouh

ذات يوم من عام 2007... وقد كنت أعمل مدرسا في أحد المدارس الإعدادية الحكومية .. كان ذلك الوقت موعد الإمتحانات النهائية لطلاب المدارس .. كنت قد خرجت في غرض لي خارج المدرسة و إذ بي و أنا جالس بالسيارة أرى أحدطلابي يشق طريقه وسط السيارات و هو ممسك بالعديد من علب السجائر .. و ينادي بأعلى صوته " سجائر .. سجائر " ...

دعوني أصيح بأعلى صوتي "ما ذنب هذا الطفل البرئ بأن يترك مدرسته و امتحاناته و يبيع السجائر "... كم سيئ هو الفقر الذي يجبر طفلا يبلغ من العمر 14 عاما أو يقل على أن يذوق مرارة و ذل العمل وهو في صغره ... هذا غيض من فيض من حالات الفقر التي يعيشها المواطنون في قطاع غزة .. إذ تبلغ نسبة الفقر ما يزيد عن 80 % حتى نهاية 2007 و هي في ازدياد مستمر .. وقد أورد تقرير للأمم المتحدة أن 52% من المواطنين في قطاع غزة هم تحت خط الفقر في حين وصلت معدلات البطالة إلى 45% في بداية هذا العام

االعديد من طلاب المدارس في بداية العام الدراسي 2008 -2009 لم يتمكنوا من شراء الملابس و الحقائب و القرطاسية المدرسية .. المئات من طلاب الثانوية العامة لم يتمكنوا من الالتحاق بالجامعات لعد قدرتهم على توفير الرسوم الجامعية ... المئات من طلاب الجامعات قد فقد فرصهم في التعليم في الخارج بسبب الحصار المفروض على قطاع غزة ..

هل لنا في هذا اليوم أن نسير خطوة إلى الأمام في مكافحة الفقر في قطاع غزة .. على العالم الحر أن ينظر إلى هذا الشعب المحاصر و يسعى بكل جهده لنصرة قضيته و فك حصاره..لا نريد مزيدا من الخطابات الرنانة أو الأشعار الحزينة .. إنما نريد المساندة العملية بفك الحصار و القضاء على الفقر ..




October 15, 2008 | 05:41:54

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 KILLING POVERTY!!!!! - Posted By: smith

IMAGINE, A 12YEAR OLD GIRL, CRACKING STONES WITH THE MOTHER FOR MONEY TO BUY FOOD TO EAT.

This is one of the worst forms of poverty. a girl child who should be in school and learning is cracking stones and looking for a buyer before they can get money to buy food. what if there is no buyer!!!!!!
what happens to them????? would they beg for money for food????? what if you passed by without given them anything and insulting them to work in addition!!!! what if nobody gave them food at all??????

what will they do!!!! Stealing? prostitution????? or sold into slavery for money??????

how do you feel after reading this...... i am very serious about this.. its NOT FUNNY!!! so don't even think of smiling.....

LOOK AROUND WHERE YOU ARE READING THIS!!!!!! IS IT COMPARABLE TO THIS SITUATION...????? THINK ABOUT IT


this is poverty and it is real in developing countries Like GHANA,TOGO,LIBERIA,NIGERIA,COTE D VOIRE, ZAMBIA, ZIMBABWE and the REST...



October 15, 2008 | 04:17:54

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 KILLING POVERTY!!!!! - Posted By: smith

IMAGINE, A 12YEAR OLD GIRL, CRACKING STONES WITH THE MOTHER FOR MONEY TO BUY FOOD TO EAT.

This is one of the worst forms of poverty. a girl child who should be in school and learning is cracking stones and looking for a buyer before they can get money to buy food. what if there is no buyer!!!!!!
what happens to them????? would they beg for money for food????? what if you passed by without given them anything and insulting them to work in addition!!!! what if nobody gave them food at all??????

what will they do!!!! Stealing? prostitution????? or sold into slavery for money??????

how do you feel after reading this...... i am very serious about this.. its NOT FUNNY!!! so don't even think of smiling.....

LOOK AROUND WHERE YOU ARE READING THIS!!!!!! IS IT COMPARABLE TO THIS SITUATION...????? THINK ABOUT IT


this is poverty and it is real in developing countries Like GHANA,TOGO,LIBERIA,NIGERIA,COTE D VOIRE, ZAMBIA, ZIMBABWE and the REST...





October 15, 2008 | 04:17:54

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 The Turning Away - Posted By: Robert Johnson

POVERTY, what a nasty word.

Poverty knows no borders, no religion, it just exists . And why?

Why in 2008, does poverty exist? Why do so many, not only in my country, but throughout the world, have so little, while some seem to have so much?

I don’t have an answer, I wish I did. Maybe we just all turned away from poverty, as long as it was in some other place, far away, it made it easy to act as if it wasn’t our problem, my problem.

But poverty no longer is just in a far away place, it is here, all around us, in the big cities of America, and the refugee camps of Africa.

Poverty is all of our problem, and we can, as one people, start to put an end to it.

In 2008, we are now a global society because of the internet, and because of this, people from all over can join and exchange ideals, which what we are doing on this day Blog Action Day on Poverty.

So, my thoughts on what we can do:

Don’t Turn away from Poverty in your home town or city.

Give to food drives, start a food drive were you work.

Organize a meal on wheels for older people who have no one, just visit and help them out with tasks, many of our older people live in poverty, with little or no family to watch over and check on them, remember, you will be older someday.

JUST VOLUNTEER.

It doesn’t really take that much time to do.

Like I said, I don’t have an answer that will make Poverty go away, but we have to start somewhere, so let it be here. I hope to see and maybe hear from others, throughout the world and from my own country, about what and how we may start to bring an end to poverty.

Doesn’t that sound good, an end to poverty.



Below are the lyrics of a song by Pink Floyd, it sums up how I feel about this issue.


Bob Johnson
Tullahoma, Tennessee “The Volunteer State” USA



"On The Turning Away"

On the turning away
From the pale and downtrodden
And the words they say
Which we won't understand
"Don't accept that what's happening
Is just a case of others' suffering
Or you'll find that you're joining in
The turning away"

It's a sin that somehow
Light is changing to shadow
And casting it's shroud
Over all we have known
Unaware how the ranks have grown
Driven on by a heart of stone
We could find that we're all alone
In the dream of the proud

On the wings of the night
As the daytime is stirring
Where the speechless unite
In a silent accord
Using words you will find are strange
And mesmerized as they light the flame
Feel the new wind of change
On the wings of the night

No more turning away
From the weak and the weary
No more turning away
From the coldness inside
Just a world that we all must share
It's not enough just to stand and stare
Is it only a dream that there'll be
No more turning away?









October 15, 2008 | 02:02:15

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 Blog Action Day 08 - Día de Acción Blog 08 - Posted By: Damian Profeta



El Día de Acción Blog es un acontecimiento sin ánimo de lucro anual que tiene como meta unir a los bloggers, podcasters y videocasters del mundo, para publicar sobre un solo tema el mismo dia. La meta del Día de Acción Blog es entablar un diálogo mundial en el cual diversas opiniones e ideas de miles de personas se enfoquen en un solo tema.

"El Día de Acción Blog depende del boca a boca para difundir las noticias sobre esta iniciativa. Si tienes un blog o sítio de web y deseas ayudar, puedes hacer lo siguiente: Publicar en tu blog animando a otros que tengan blogs a unirse a ti para el Día de Acción Blog. Poner el video del Día de Acción Blog en tu sitio web. Publicar cualquiera de los banners del Día de Acción Blog a tu sitio web. ¡Mandar un correo electrónico o simplemente hablar a la gente del Día de Acción Blog!"

Día de Acción Blog 2008

October 14, 2008 | 23:27:53

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 World Hunger and Poverty. - Posted By: Kughan

We often hear about people’s desire to solve world hunger, or to be able to feed the world and help alleviate the suffering associated with it.

However, meaningful long-term alleviation to hunger is rooted in the alleviation of poverty, as poverty leads to hunger. World hunger is a terrible symptom of world poverty. If efforts are only directed at providing food, or improving food production or distribution, then the structural root causes that create hunger, poverty and dependency would still remain. And so while continuous effort, resources and energies are deployed to relieve hunger through these technical measures, the political causes require political solutions as well.

There are many inter-related issues causing hunger, which are related to economics and other factors that cause poverty. They include land rights and ownership, diversion of land use to non-productive use, increasing emphasis on export-oriented agriculture, inefficient agricultural practices, war, famine, drought, over-fishing, poor crop yields, etc. This section introduces some of these issues.

Solving world hunger in the conventional sense (of providing/growing more food etc) will not tackle poverty that leads to hunger in the first place. Further, there is a risk of continuing the poverty and dependency without realizing it, because the act of attempting to provide more food etc can appear so altruistic in motive. To solve world hunger in the long run, poverty alleviation is required.



October 14, 2008 | 16:58:44

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 The Web of Life! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Humankind has not woven the web of life.
We are but one thread within it.
Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.
All things are bound together.
All things connect.

Chief Seattle

October 14, 2008 | 16:26:41

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 In the Footprints of Our Ancestors! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

We the indigenous peoples walk to the future in the footprints of our ancestors. From the smallest to the largest living being, from the four directions, from the air, the land and the mountains, the creator has placed us, the indigenous peoples upon our mother the earth."

Indigenous Peoples Earth Charter (1992)


October 14, 2008 | 16:04:31

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 Indigenous Peoples live in Poverty! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Indigenous peoples make up one third of the world’s 900 million extremely poor rural people. Any effort to eradicate poverty must therefore address the special needs of these minority ethnic groups.

Read about the experiences of Indigenous Peoples of the World
http://www.ifad.org/pub/factsheet/ip/e.pdf

October 14, 2008 | 15:48:19

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 Humanity In Harmony Festival 2008 at York University, Toronto - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Humanity in Harmony Festival 2008
Oct 16, 2008, 7-9pm

Come for an evening of music, dance, installations, poetry, theatre, talk and visual arts from around the world.

The event will also feature "A Fork in The Road – Personal Stories of Overcoming Homelessness and Starting Again," including Three Thousand Days in the Wilderness: A Spiritual Journey Through Homelessness, by T. Kofi Hadjor, MBA story teller, poet and public speaker.

Hadjor emigrated from Ghana to Canada in his early 20s, earned an MBA, worked as a chartered accountant on Bay Street and served on the board of governors of the University of Guelph and the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy.

In 2006, Hadjor founded Green Pastures Society, a not-for-profit corporation specializing in financial advocacy for the poor.

To reserve tickets, call 416-650-2968 or buy them at the door.
________________________________________
Location: Student Lounge (second floor), Accolade East Building
Sponsor: Humanity in Harmony Foundation Inc.
Posted by: Isaac Akrong

Web Site http://www.yorku.ca/yfile/archive/index.asp?Article=9226

Event Poster
http://www.afridance.com/index.html






October 14, 2008 | 11:34:51

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 Poniendo las bases - Posted By: Mafer


Cuánto se ha hablado de pobreza: pobreza espiritual, pobreza de conocimiento y pobreza al no contar con las necesidades básicas para tener una vida digna (agua potable, vivienda, drenaje, alimento...).
En esta ocasión, me gustaría comenzar con lo más básico que es el tema de la carencia de necesidades básicas, ya que con ésta es probable no podamos evitar las otras mencionadas.
Para dar un panorama en materia alimentaria:
- Las mujeres embarazadas ciertamente requieren de nutrientes extraordinarios para estar saludables.
Un feto que no recibe el aporte energético suficiente es posible no termine de desarrollarse en el vientre, es decir, muera; en otros casos, el parto de la madre tendría complicaciones o, el bebé recién nacido sufriría de lesiones cerebrales o de tipo de necesidad especial. Todo lo anterior, con mucha frecuencia se debe a la carencia económica en que se vive, donde también no se pudiera producir leche materna, no se contara con los alimentos necesarios para que el niño pueda madurar sanamente, pueda poseer dientes sin caries, pueda poseer huesos fuertes para que se desempeñe en actividades de esfuerzo físico, etcétera.
Ahora, la "pobreza de conocimiento", en este sentido, fuera un efecto posiblemente directo de la carencia de alimento. Quien no desayuna o lo hace sin incluir los debidos nutrientes, con gran razón sufre intensos dolores de cabeza y fatiga, que repercuten en lo que se conoce como bajo rendimiento académico (incluyendo notas bajas y deserción escolar).

Aquí habría espacio para las organizaciones no lucrativas y organismos
gubernamentales que pudieran ayudar a suplir estas necesidades. Mas sin embargo,
la población mundial es muy grande y no toda tiene acceso a dichos servicios

De la pobreza crítica se describe.




Aún existe otro tipo de pobreza que dura décadas y falta por considerar: la pobreza extrema.
Lo mejor es dedicar, merecidamente, una entrada aparte para hacer extensión de sus características.

October 14, 2008 | 11:25:32

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 The Law is a Vehicle for Poverty Alleviation! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

The UN Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor recently completed its work noting that Poverty Alleviation will be incomplete without the protection of the legal rights of the Poor.

The Commission was the first global initiative to focus on the link between Poverty and the Law.

Legal Empowerment is not about aid, but about helping poor people lift themselves out of poverty by working for policy and institutional reforms that expand their legal opportunities and protections.

Download the Reports of the Commission's work from this link:

http://www.undp.org/legalempowerment/reports/concept2action.html

T. Kofi Hadjor
www.greenpasturessociety.org

October 13, 2008 | 21:04:57

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 Canada Helps in Poverty Alleviation Through Trade - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

The Canadian Government has a program to help 48 of the Least Developed Countries of the World alleviate Poverty through Trade with Canada.

You can get more information on this program by visiting the following link:

http://www.intracen.org/pact/programme/AAGuide_En.pdf

Trade has been recognized as a primary vehicle for Poverty Alleviation by the United Nations.

One of the areas Least Developed Countries have a comparative advantage is in Cultural Products (including Textiles) made by hand and in their Villages.

Developing small enterprises to take advantage of improving market access in Industrialized Countries will assist in poverty alleviation in Least Developed Countries of the World.

It will also help in preserving their traditional culture from dying out.

T. Kofi Hadjor
http://www.universeafrica.com/service_ldc.html

October 13, 2008 | 07:15:14

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 POVERTY-POEM - Posted By: Sean Amos

Day in day out I am always suffering
No permanent place to sleep
Hunger, hunger my stomach complains
The mouth always dry
Bins are the sources of my food
Clothes are tattered and torn
When I cry for help , no one come to my rescue

Everyday I am always shouting
Begging in the city centre streets
Where the riches do their shopping
Sometimes I don’t
± ± ± ± because of weakness and hunger
They always scold me and neglect me

I walk barefooted
My teeth always dirt
My hair scruffy
No toothpaste and soap available
I use water from public places

My fellows go to school
Whilst I am busy walking in the streets
My relatives denied me
I am an opharn
I have no one to care for me

When I seek help from churches
They say we have no money
Public places are the source of water
I hope one day in my life
God will rescue me
From this bondage of poverty

poem by
HANDSEN CHIKOWORE from Zimbabwe

October 13, 2008 | 04:57:36

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 Poverty - Posted By: Sean Amos

Poverty is a scandal in a world that produces more than is necessary to nurture all the planet's inhabitants. It is an attack on dignity and a form of exclusion so serious that it leads to wars, conflicts and violence.

Violence often results from the refusal to share, from exclusion, from inadequate education and poverty; the resulting sense of frustration manifests itself through the outbreak of all sorts of violence.

The demographic explosion, human movements, violence, exclusion, poverty, aggression against migrants and terrorism are problems which must not be dealt with in an isolated manner, within one country or group of countries, but rather in a perspective of solidarity and co-operation.

Over the years, we have heard theories advanced by leaders of G8 countries, NGOs, the World Bank and other donor agencies as the causes of poverty in Third World countries.

What is more intriguing is that they are all in agreement that poverty in poor countries is caused by corruption and poor governance. They deliberately side step the more critical issue of external debt.

More than two billion people in the world today live in extreme poverty, lacking access to clean water and without basic sanitation. Statistics from Unicef shows that this year alone, 15 million children under the age of five years will die of preventable diseases.

For those children who live past five years, more than 300 million will work instead of going to school.

Several hundred millions live in countries where crushing debts stand in the way of lasting poverty reduction.

It is imperative to understand the genesis of debt in our country and indeed other poor nations for the sake of posterity.

Unless factors which perpetuated poverty are acted upon decisively, next year, there could be a large proportion of people living in poverty than today.

October 13, 2008 | 04:48:30

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 MOTIVATING COMMUNITIES TO ECONOMIC DRIVE - Posted By: smith

ENDING TO TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

I am working on an idea which will definitely result in the total end to poverty. This idea is developed from my 3rd objective in an NGO in Ghana – called NEED FOR FULL PEACE of which I am the founder.
I need resource assistance, contacts and networks to make this work and to be heard by most policy makers for it is the real tool.

This objective aims at motivating communities to economic drive.
The structure for this objective summarize to;
Being paid an amount of money for the services rendered on temporary bases. This system is cash but not for free. If it is developed in every sector of the developing country, it will go a long way to alleviate poverty. I am very sure about it. For more information about the actual designs and functioning contact me on TIG or needforfullpeace@gmail.com

Scenario:
A hungry man, woman, single parent, any sound person who is unemployed enters a farm or market center, or our production center, he sees the log bookman. Provide his registered ID as known to our production centre and he is allowed into the premises. Here there are many kinds of work. Farming, scrubbing, feeding, processing or packaging a farm produce, watching center (cars, cloth, carpets, etc)

The hungry young man;
Get the chance to feed the animals, watch cloths, cars or carpets or milk the cow or collect ripped vegetables in baskets and bring them to the storage facility or dry them under supervision. After finishing the number of hours spent and the amount of work done will determine a wage paid to him. He can then buy some food outside and eat. Equally he can send his money to do whatever he wants. With this kind of system we can end poverty.
This is because it includes a bigger structure where farm produce are stored and sent to wherever processing site and packaged to wherever markets through exportations or transport , washed cloths are ironed and hanged packaged for collection at a fee or sent to owners at a fee.

Here everybody can get a portion of work to do. And can be paid.
This will go a long way to reduce poverty and unemployment because there will be no body who is not employed or a worker. Most workers are temporally employed. It does not give room for laziness because everybody will want to work and earn a day meal and not beg for money or steal reducing social vices. This is because there is no idle hand for planning evil.

The break down follows shortly.

The structures
A farm
Land
Farm house
Supervisors
Registered database of unemployed in the area or community

Fenced land for security

October 12, 2008 | 16:55:15

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 6 Billion Voices! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

6 Billion Voices!

The World would do what we say!

Watch Video Michael Douglas Video presented at the link below

http://www.millenniumcampaign.org/atf/cf/%7BD15FF017-0467-419B-823E-D6659E0CCD39%7D/MichaelDouglas.mpg

October 12, 2008 | 09:14:56

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 Poverty Is a Threat to Peace! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Poverty Is A Threat To Peace

Muhammad Yunus
December 15, 2006

Muhammad Yunus is the head of Grameen Bank, the winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize for it's innovative work on microcredit lending with the poor of Bangladesh.

This is an excerpt of his acceptance speech, given on December 10 to the Nobel Foundation in Oslo. The full text can be read here.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

By giving us this prize, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has given important support to the proposition that peace is inextricably linked to poverty. Poverty is a threat to peace. World's income distribution gives a very telling story. Ninety-four percent of the world income goes to 40 percent of the population while 60 percent of people live on only six per cent of world income. Half of the world population lives on two dollars a day. Over one billion people live on less than a dollar a day. This is no formula for peace.

The new millennium began with a great global dream. World leaders gathered at the United Nations in 2000 and adopted, among others, a historic goal to reduce poverty by half by 2015. Never in human history had such a bold goal been adopted by the entire world in one voice, one that specified time and size. But then came September 11 and the Iraq war, and suddenly the world became derailed from the pursuit of this dream, with the attention of world leaders shifting from the war on poverty to the war on terrorism. Till now over $ 530 billion has been spent on the war in Iraq by the U.S.A alone.

I believe terrorism cannot be won over by military action. Terrorism must be condemned in the strongest language. We must stand solidly against it, and find all the means to end it. We must address the root causes of terrorism to end it for all time to come. I believe that putting resources into improving the lives of the poor people is a better strategy than spending it on guns.

Poverty is Denial of All Human Rights

Peace should be understood in a human way—in a broad social, political and economic way. Peace is threatened by unjust economic, social and political order, absence of democracy, environmental degradation and absence of human rights.
Poverty is the absence of all human rights. The frustrations, hostility and anger generated by abject poverty cannot sustain peace in any society. For building stable peace we must find ways to provide opportunities for people to live decent lives.

The creation of opportunities for the majority of people—the poor—is at the heart of the work that we have dedicated ourselves to during the past 30 years.

Free Market Economy

Capitalism centers on the free market. It is claimed that the freer the market, the better is the result of capitalism in solving the questions of what, how, and for whom. It is also claimed that the individual search for personal gains brings collective optimal result.
I am in favor of strengthening the freedom of the market. At the same time, I am very unhappy about the conceptual restrictions imposed on the players in the market. This originates from the assumption that entrepreneurs are one-dimensional human beings, who are dedicated to one mission in their business lives—to maximize profit. This interpretation of capitalism insulates the entrepreneurs from all political, emotional, social, spiritual, environmental dimensions of their lives. This was done perhaps as a reasonable simplification, but it stripped away the very essentials of human life.

Human beings are a wonderful creation embodied with limitless human qualities and capabilities. Our theoretical constructs should make room for the blossoming of those qualities, not assume them away.

Many of the world's problems exist because of this restriction on the players of free-market. The world has not resolved the problem of crushing poverty that half of its population suffers. Health care remains out of the reach of the majority of the world population. The country with the richest and freest market fails to provide health care for one-fifth of its population.

We have remained so impressed by the success of the free market that we never dared to express any doubt about our basic assumption. To make it worse, we worked extra hard to transform ourselves, as closely as possible, into the one-dimensional human beings as conceptualized in the theory, to allow smooth functioning of free market mechanism.

By defining "entrepreneur" in a broader way we can change the character of capitalism radically, and solve many of the unresolved social and economic problems within the scope of the free market. Let us suppose an entrepreneur, instead of having a single source of motivation (such as, maximizing profit), now has two sources of motivation, which are mutually exclusive, but equally compelling—a) maximization of profit and b) doing good to people and the world.

Each type of motivation will lead to a separate kind of business. Let us call the first type of business a profit-maximizing business, and the second type of business as social business.

Social business will be a new kind of business introduced in the market place with the objective of making a difference in the world. Investors in the social business could get back their investment, but will not take any dividend from the company. Profit would be plowed back into the company to expand its outreach and improve the quality of its product or service. A social business will be a non-loss, non-dividend company.

Role of Social Businesses in Globalization

I support globalization and believe it can bring more benefits to the poor than its alternative. But it must be the right kind of globalization. To me, globalization is like a hundred-lane highway criss-crossing the world. If it is a free-for-all highway, its lanes will be taken over by the giant trucks from powerful economies. Bangladeshi rickshaw will be thrown off the highway. In order to have a win-win globalization we must have traffic rules, traffic police, and traffic authority for this global highway.

Rule of "strongest takes it all" must be replaced by rules that ensure that the poorest have a place and piece of the action, without being elbowed out by the strong. Globalization must not become financial imperialism.

Powerful multi-national social businesses can be created to retain the benefit of globalization for the poor people and poor countries. Social businesses will either bring ownership to the poor people, or keep the profit within the poor countries, since taking dividends will not be their objective. Direct foreign investment by foreign social businesses will be exciting news for recipient countries. Building strong economies in the poor countries by protecting their national interest from plundering companies will be a major area of interest for the social businesses.

We Can Put Poverty in the Museums

I believe that we can create a poverty-free world because poverty is not created by poor people. It has been created and sustained by the economic and social system that we have designed for ourselves; the institutions and concepts that make up that system; the policies that we pursue.

Poverty is created because we built our theoretical framework on assumptions which under-estimates human capacity, by designing concepts which are too narrow (such as concept of business, credit- worthiness, entrepreneurship, employment), or developing institutions which remain half-done (such as financial institutions, where poor are left out). Poverty is caused by the failure at the conceptual level, rather than any lack of capability on the part of people.

I firmly believe that we can create a poverty-free world if we collectively believe in it. In a poverty-free world, the only place you would be able to see poverty is in the poverty museums. When school children take a tour of the poverty museums, they would be horrified to see the misery and indignity that some human beings had to go through. They would blame their forefathers for tolerating this inhuman condition, which existed for so long, for so many people.

A human being is born into this world fully equipped not only to take care of him or herself, but also to contribute to enlarging the well-being of the world as a whole. Some get the chance to explore their potential to some degree, but many others never get any opportunity, during their lifetime, to unwrap the wonderful gift they were born with. They die unexplored and the world remains deprived of their creativity, and their contribution.

Grameen has given me an unshakeable faith in the creativity of human beings. This has led me to believe that human beings are not born to suffer the misery of hunger and poverty.

To me poor people are like bonsai trees. When you plant the best seed of the tallest tree in a flower-pot, you get a replica of the tallest tree, only inches tall. There is nothing wrong with the seed you planted, only the soil-base that is too inadequate. Poor people are bonsai people. There is nothing wrong in their seeds. Simply, society never gave them the base to grow on. All it needs to get the poor people out of poverty for us to create an enabling environment for them. Once the poor can unleash their energy and creativity, poverty will disappear very quickly.

Let us join hands to give every human being a fair chance to unleash their energy and creativity.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me conclude by expressing my deep gratitude to the Norwegian Nobel Committee for recognizing that poor people, and especially poor women, have both the potential and the right to live a decent life, and that microcredit helps to unleash that potential.

I believe this honor that you give us will inspire many more bold initiatives around the world to make a historical breakthrough in ending global poverty.

Thank you very much.


http://www.tompaine.com/articles/2006/12/15/poverty_is_a_threat_to_peace.php

October 12, 2008 | 07:39:41

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 POVERTY IS A LACK OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS - Posted By: Umar Mohammed

Poverty, is condition of having insufficient resources or income. In its most extreme form, poverty is a lack of basic human needs, such as adequate and nutritious food, clothing, housing, clean water, and health services. Extreme poverty can cause terrible suffering and death, and even modest levels of poverty can prevent people from realizing many of their desires.
poeple around the world are seriously severe from malnutrition, epidamis diseases outbreaks, famine and war.

we need to study, the causes of poverty, and their effects to the world before we will come up with the solutions on how to help alleviate it, we should look foward for some technological features on how to alleviate poverty, programs that will help to reduce poverty, much more have to be done in order to set free poverty around the world. i wil come with some details again.

October 12, 2008 | 07:22:07

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 Ignorance and Greed are Stepping Stones on the way to a Glorious Earth! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

Ignorance and Greed are Stepping Stones on the way to a Glorious Earth!

Times of remembrance offer us an opportunity to reflect and assess our performance in regards to that which is being remembered. To ensure the integrity of the process, each person or community that initiates this act of remembrance must approach it with the solemnity and reverence.

On this occasion, we are called to perceive the underpinnings which manifested Slavery and Racial Discrimination and renew our efforts in ushering an age of enlightenment in our world. An age in which we grow into the mind set of and become one with our Maker, celebrating His Supreme accomplishment as expressed in the miraculous creation that we call the Universe!

Slavery and Racial Discrimination are born out of greed and ignorance!
Greed because there is a belief that if the other shares in the collective wealth of the Earth, I will be without. Ignorance because we are toddlers in comprehending the magnificent expression of the Rainbow tribes! So fueled by greed and ignorance, we concoct debased systems which seek to deny the elegance of the magnificent expression of creation.

Our present experience can be summed up thus: we have great computer hardware; however, our essential software is obsolete! Going forward requires that we replace this obsolete software with one that celebrates the magnificent creation represented by the Universe!

The Ancients understood this essential reality. Theirs was a society based on establishing a society on Earth that reflected the harmonious which is expressed in Heaven, the celestial realm of the Sky. They made a commitment to uphold the traditions of the First Time, the moment of creation, when all the eternal harmonic laws of the Cosmos were established. Theirs was a continuous commitment to attain the insight and the wisdom of the force behind the creation of the Universe and in the process preserve and protect the harmonic conditions on earth.

Since the time of the Ancients, the Earth has descended into a dark age. We have lost the knowledge and insight which the Ancients left us; we have descended into the age of ignorance and greed. However, remnants of this wisdom exist in the cultures of dominated peoples of the Earth.

Slavery and Racial Discrimination are but two of the fruits of the shackles of ignorance and greed. Others include: the existence of an economic system that enslaves over 6 Billion people on Earth for the benefit of a negligible few; the transfer of the collective wealth of the Earth into the hands of the privileged few (people/countries); the destruction of habitats for all life forms on Earth, Ethnic cleansing, suppression and abuse of women, the erection of artificial barriers to prevent the realization of the dreams of certain people to mention just a few.

We are called, on this momentous occasion, to be resolute in our resolve; that we will inaugurate an era to reclaim our birth right as citizens of the Universe; that we will transform the systems of the world into ones of trusteeship of the planet. That, the night of our ignorance will usher us into crossing the bridge into the day of enlightenment and wisdom on Earth.

As we renew this resolve, we must remember that the competing view point will try to frustrate our mission. President Lydon B. Johnson described this process the best in an address to the US Congress on March 15, 1965, as he sought passage of the Civil Rights Bill to give Blacks the right to vote:
“Many of the issues of civil rights are very complex and most difficult. But about this there can and should be no argument: every American citizen must have an equal right to vote. There is no reason which can excuse the denial of that right. There is no duty which weighs more heavily on us than the duty we have to insure that right. Yet the harsh fact is that in many places in this country men and women are kept from voting simply because they are Negroes.
Every device of which human ingenuity is capable, has been used to deny this right. The Negro citizen may go to register only to be told that the day is wrong, or the hour is late, or the official in charge is absent. And if he persists and, if he manages to present himself to the registrar, he may be disqualified because he did not spell out his middle name, or because he abbreviated a word on the application. And if he manages to fill out an application, he is given a test. The registrar is the sole judge of whether he passes this test. He may be asked to recite the entire Constitution, or explain the most complex provisions of state law.
And even a college degree cannot be used to prove that he can read and write. For the fact is that the only way to pass these barriers is to show a white skin. Experience has clearly shown that the existing process of law cannot overcome systematic and ingenious discrimination. No law that we now have on the books, and I have helped to put three of them there, can insure the right to vote when local officials are determined to deny it. In such a case, our duty must be clear to all of us.”

President Lydon B. Johnson
“We Shall Overcome” Speech to Congress
March 15, 1965

We must convert the obstacles placed in our way into stepping stones to forge our ascension to the glorious height of life that we seek on Earth. We must be audacious in conceiving the pathway to its realization. We must not surrender to convenient but debased formats which will shipwreck our drive to the destination we seek; a world in which togetherness and common interest propagates, a world in which our energies are directed at realizing the fruit of the Glorious Earth!

How do we proceed from where we are at present? Realizing that our software and controlling systems are obsolete, we must surrender to the tides of the emergent but ancient reality.

We need to re-educate ourselves about the miraculous expression of creation. How is it that the Universe and for that matter our planet is what it is? Entering into this realm of understanding requires the establishment of a new format in education. One that is different than the existing system which is based on the reckless exploitation of the resources of Earth, humans included! The new system will have as its goal the attainment the principles of harmonious Earth. This will arrest our drive towards the precipice and self destruction.

In every hamlet of our world, we must mobilize those who presently share in this objective. We must institute permanent institutions which will mobilize our collective strength and serve as forums to propagate our view of the Glorious Earth. They will also serve as beacons for our world. It is through this congregation of our collective energy that we will show our world the glimpses of a different but Glorious Earth.

Some of our programs will include celebrations of cultural diversity and processes promoting togetherness, trusteeship of earth and all life forms. We must also transform our economic system into one that reflects the economic system of the Universe; one in which we take what we need while preserving the integrity of the Earth.

Already there exist many organizations around the world who share in the vision of a Glorious Earth! Though fragmented in their orientation, collectively they are working for the realization of this vision. Greenpeace, Amnesty International, Cultural Survival, Sierra Club are but a few of these organizations. We need to bring these organizations together to harness their collective power into a transformative resource for our world.

Underlying these groups is the 6 billion voices of our planet; the ones who bear the burden born of greed and ignorance. The hidden strength of the 6 billion voices will be unleashed into transforming our world into a paradise for all. This hidden strength can change all processes on Earth; from addressing issues of the environment, changing the economic system into one facilitating both the realization of the potential of people on Earth while maintaining our trusteeship of the planet.

As a ten year old African boy, I had occasion to perceive that the ways of the world were debased. As a young man in Canada, I experienced discrimination because I married an Italian Canadian. That marriage ended a few years later.

As a professional, I experienced the glass ceiling effect. As an entrepreneur, I encountered the falsehood of the promise society has made to minorities: that you will have access to the tools for your self realization if you attain higher education coupled with the necessary experience and superlative record. Having met all the conditions, I came face to face with the ultimate deception of this invocation.

Having recovered from this nightmarish experience, I am guided by the resolve forged in the critical moment of insight as a ten year old African boy. I have unmasked the ways of the systems of the world as they exist at present.

I am resolved, as I was at the age of ten, to finish my passage on Earth fostering and promoting frameworks for the attainment of the Glorious Earth. The seeds for this realization are around us; laying on the sand of time awaiting the commencement of the rainy season.

This rainy season is here now!

This occasion of remembrance is a milestone in the inauguration of the rainy season.

The seeds have felt the onset of the long expected rainy season. The process of their new expression and unfoldment has begun. In time the buds will come, then the flowering and finally the fruits of their experience will be served to both those who desire to eat and those who need to plant for the next harvest.

May this occasion focus our insight and creativity! May we rise to the call of this remembrance.

May God Bless you in your deliberations!

T. Kofi Hadjor
The Serpent Bearer
www.universeafrica.com

October 12, 2008 | 06:44:54

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 Blog Action Day Promotional video - Posted By: দেবশ্রীDebashree


Blog Action Day 2008 Poverty from Blog Action Day on Vimeo.

October 10, 2008 | 20:17:22

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 “The Bridge to the Coming of Day – The Return of The Initiate.”© - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

“The Bridge to the Coming of Day – The Return of The Initiate.”©

Abstract:

Out of The Blue comes The Bolt of Lightning
Screeching Halt, Turbulence,

Loss of Control, Dislocation, Staggered, Overwhelmed, Abandonment, Stress, Suicidal Thoughts,

Into The Whirlpool, Cross Currents, Tidal Waves,
Abandonment, Rejections and Betrayal of Trust, Into The Cold and Into the Furnace,

The Life Guards, The Rescuers, The Refuge, The Shelter,
Into The Midst of “Strangers”

The First Transition – Your New Life, Riding The Roller Coaster
The New Paradigm – The Spartan Life - Living With Less
Tools Kit for Survival In The Darkest Cave,

Taking Stock of Your Life, Survival, Plotting the Comeback,
Finding Your Way Out of The Abyss, Selling Your Soul,
Groping for The Dark and Invisible Path Out of The Labyrinth,
Murmurs of Healing, Bouts of Relapses and Recoveries,

Living in The Moment, One Day At a Time,
The Descent Into The Silence,
The Oasis in The Desert and Frozen Tundra,
Learning To Trust Again.
The Barriers and Walls,

The Treacherous Crossing to Healing
Embracing The Experience,
The Long Trek Across The Barrens,
Rebirth and New Beginnings,
The Second Paradigm - The Archetype of The Survivor

The Return From The Underworld, With Different Values,
New Eyes, New Understanding and A New Life Purpose and

Mission.
Five Key Words: Sudden Dislocation, Safe Harbor, Healing Path.
By
©Tetteh Kofi Hadjor
The Initiate
December 16, 2004

October 8, 2008 | 16:24:47

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 Three Thousand Days In The Wilderness: A Spiritual Journey Through Homelessness! - Posted By: Tetteh Kofi Hadjor

A Fork in The Road – Personal Stories of Overcoming Homelessness and Starting Again!


Three Thousand Days In The Wilderness: A Spiritual Journey Through Homelessness!
By
T. Kofi Hadjor, MBA

Story Teller, Poet and Dynamic Public Speaker, T. Kofi Hadjor will share with listeners his personal experience in and out of homelessness.

After emigrating from Ghana to Canada in his early 20s, Kofi earned a MBA, worked as a Chartered Accountant on Bay Street and served on the Board of Governors of the University of Guelph and the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy.

In 1986 he founded a business management services company with over 400 clients in the creative industries.

Kofi was also a frequent Guest speaker on “Professional Practice Management” at Professional Conventions, on “Self Employment and Empowerment” at Colleges and Universities; on “Strategic Management” in Non Profit and Charitable Organizations.

In 1998, precipitated by critical traumatic events, Kofi he experienced the loss of his 8000 square foot home and begun “A Spiritual Journey through Homelessness”. For over 3000 Days, Kofi lived in “the Eye of The Hurricane of Emotional Turbulence” and explored The Inner World of the Homeless Experience. This experiential exploration he has summarized in his Poem “The Bridge to The Coming of Day – The Return of the Initiate.”

His new life mission, Kofi explains, is to be “A Voice for the Voiceless”.

Starting January 2006, Kofi takes his “Homelessness In The Classroom Project” on a Lecture Tour of Schools, Colleges, Universities and Community Associations.

Entitled “Embracing The Winter of Life”©, the Homelessness In The Classroom Project© educates and mobilizes the Canadian community to support the Homeless with opportunities for self- restoration and educate the public about dealing with catastrophic life events that trigger sudden dislocation and the emotional turbulence of Life.

In 2006, Kofi founded Green Pastures Society, a not-for-profit corporation specializing in Financial Advocacy for the Poor including Students, the Homeless, Vulnerable workers, Low-income families, Seniors and individuals by improving access to public, private, and non-profit programs and services.



His audiece will gain important insight into the inner world of the homeless experience that can inform policy and research.

The following is an excerpt from his poem, “The Bridge to the Coming of Day – The Return of The Initiate.”

“Out of the Blue comes the bolt of lightning Secreeching halt, loss of control, dislocation Abandonment…..sucidal thoughts.

Into the whirlpool, cross currents, tidal waves. Into the cold and into the furnance.

The Lifeguards, the Rescuers, the Refuge, the Shelter; Into the misdst of “Strangers.”

The first transition into your new life – Riding the Rollercoaster.

The new paradigm - the Spartan Life!

Gathering tools for survival in the darkest cave.

Plotting the comeback.

Groping for the dark and invisible path out of the labyrinth.

Selling your Soul…..”



Contact Information


T. Kofi Hadjor, BA, B.Comm, MBA
Founder/Research Director

Green Pastures Society

Voice of the Voiceless!

Serving the Poor through Financial Advocacy, Education and
Strategic Management Services for Agencies serving The Poor


E-Mail: greenpasturessociety@yahoo.ca

Website: www.greenpasturessociety.org

October 8, 2008 | 16:16:43

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 hunger poem - Posted By: NESTA

The Hunger Poem
let the poem speak for itself, i dont have much else to say:

The Hunger Poem by Delroy "Nesta" Williams

The screams of the poor
are whispers to the world,
Hear their Voices.
Like howling wolves over distant lands
but coming from our back yards,
hearken to the needy
make the right choice.

Stop pretend that the poor and hungry speak in foreign tongues,
the signs of the times is our universal language;
time to act, initiate the reversal,
think global but begin local.
It's not too late, the sun still shines on today
and the moon of the night will point us the way.

Just open your eyes
let your heart speak for your mouth,
fighting world hunger, poverty
that's what it's all about,
seeds sown on fertile ground
are sure to sprout.
Come on now; join the fight
not for wars of mass destruction
but a crusade for nourishment and nutrition

October 6, 2008 | 18:24:15

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 تست فيلتر سه گانه! - Posted By: ~ mostafa ~

تست فيلتر سه گانه!

در يونان باستان ، سقراط تا حد زيادي به دانشمندي اشتهار داشت. روزي يكي از آشنايان فيلسوف بزرگ به ديدارش آمد و گفت : مي داني درباره دوستت چه شنيده ام ؟

سقراط جواب داد : يك دقيقه صبر كن ، قبل از اينكه چيزي بگويي مي خواهم امتحان كوچكي را بگذراني كه به آن تست فيلتر سه گانه مي گويند.

آشنا پرسيد: فيلتر سه گانه ؟

سقراط ادامه داد: قبل از اينكه با من درباره دوستم صحبت كني، شايد بد نباشد كه چند لحظه صبر كني و چيزهايي را كه مي خواهي بگويي فيلتر كني . به همين خاطر به اين امتحان، تست فيلتر سه گانه مي گويم.

اولين فيلتر، حقيقت است. تو كاملا مطمئني مطالبي كه مي خواهي به من بگويي حقيقت دارد؟ مرد گفت : نه، درحقيقت من همين الان درباره اش شنيدم و...

سقراط گفت : بسيار خوب، پس تو واقعا نمي داني كه حقيقت دارد يا خير.

حالا دومين فيلتر را امتحان مي كنيم، دومين فيلتر نيكي است. چيزي كه مي خواهي راجع به دوست من بگويي، مطلب خوبي است؟

مرد جواب داد: نه، كاملا برعكس .... .

سقراط ادامه داد: خُب، پس تو مي خواهي به من راجع به او چيز بدي بگويي اما دقيقا از درستي آن مطمئن نيستي. هنوز بايد امتحان را ادامه دهي چون هنوز يك فيلتر باقي مانده: فيلتر فايده. مطلبي كه مي خواهي راجع به دوستم به من بگويي، فايده اي براي من دارد؟ مرد جواب داد: نه، نه واقعاً.
سقراط نتيجه گيري كرد : اگر چيزي كه مي خواهي به من بگويي نه حقيقت است نه خوبي دارد و نه فايده اي دارد، پس چرا اصلاً بگويي ؟؟؟



September 29, 2008 | 12:41:32

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 فقر - Posted By: ~ mostafa ~

-2. فقر
معضل فقر يكي از مسائل و مشکلات مهم زندگي بشري بوده است كه در گذشته و حال مورد توجه محققين و انديشمندان اقتصادي، اجتماعي، سياسي، و فرهنگي است.
سير تاريخي مطالعه و بررسي موضوع فقر به نظريه ها و تئوري هايي چند در اين خصوص اشاره دارد؛ بر اساس تئوري گذار جغرافيايي که در سال 1979 ميلادي و توسط فاندرتاک و همکارانش مطرح گرديد، به موازات آنکه جوامع توسعه يافته مي شوند، نخست نرخ مرگ و مير در آنها کاهش مي يابد و سپس نرخ زاد و ولد کم مي شود؛ که در نتيجه ميزان جمعيت با نرخ مشخصي شروع به کاهش کرده و يا ثابت مي ماند. از سوي ديگر، تئوري توسعه روستو پيشنهاد مي کند که جوامع از فاز هاي اقتصاد امرارمعاش گونه که يک مرحله گذار و شرايطي است که به واسطه تخصص، مازاد براي تجارت وجود دارد، به فاز جهش براي بلوغ مي رسند که ناشي از تنوع، مصرف انبوه و بخش خدماتي حاکم است.
اما هنگامي که جوامع توسعه مي يابند، تمايل دارند تا از منابع خود بيش از پيش بهره برداري کنند، در نتيجه پايه و اساس منابعي را که از آن تغذيه و استفاده مي کرده اند، نابود مي سازند. تئوري محيط کونزنتز کرو بحث مي کند که همين که جوامع از يک سطح درآمد سرانه بحراني عبور مي کنند، به نسبت درآمدشان، کمتر محيط را آلوده مي کنند.
تئوري هاي فوق اين اميد را ايجاد مي کنند که به موازات توسعه جوامع، موسسات نيز توسعه يافته، ميزان جمعيت رو به ثبات رفته و ميزان فقر و گرسنگي کاهش مي يابد؛ همچنين، نيازهاي اوليه افراد بهتر برآورده شده و آموزش و سلامت افزايش مي يابد.
با اين همه، شواهد تجربي از پنجاه سال گذشته حاکي از آن است که نوعي واگرايي رو به افزايش ميان سطح درآمد طبقات فقير و ثروتمند در حال شکل گيري است؛ تا آنجا که کشورهاي با جمعيت بالا و دچار مشکل گرسنگي، در يک چرخه جميعيتي-گرسنگي گرفتار شده و کشورهاي با درآمد کم، در چرخه فقر به دام افتاده اند (Gupta, 2004, p. 407).
اکنون، متأسفانه بيش از 980 ميليون نفر که 19 درصد از جمعيت کشورهاي در حال توسعه را تشکيل مي دهند، با درآمدي کمتر از يک دلار در روز، در فقر کامل به¬سر مي برند (United Nationsb, 2007, p. 6). اين آمار فقط به فقر درآمدي اشاره دارد و چنانچه فقر قابليتي را نيز در نظر بگيريم (Mahmoudi, 2006; McKinley, 2006, p. 1)، تعداد افراد فقير اين کشورها تا حد زيادي افزايش مي يابد. بر پايه گزارشي ديگر، در شرايطي که 900 ميليون نفر از مردم در کشورهاي در حال توسعه در فقر درآمدي به سر مي برند، 1.6 ميليارد نفر آنان دچار فقر قابليتي هستند (HDR, 1996) و اين روند ممکن است افزايش يافته و پيچيده تر گردد.



September 29, 2008 | 12:25:54

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 Blog Action Day - Posted By: ~ mostafa ~

http://blogactionday.org/

September 29, 2008 | 12:21:30

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 Global and Unending...! - Posted By: mclato

The rate of poverty globally is increasing and young people are at the highiest risk, from Asia, south america, north america, europe, africa, etc the story about poverty still has its painting clearly scripted.

Though, Prof. Jeffrey Sach's committee proposed to end extreme poverty by 2015, but the current alarming rate shows not much headway.

Its therefore time for our government to include young people directly in the struggle to end the global torture. Let the young people from different corners of the globe arise to fight and lets awaits testimonies next year by now.

Our next years blog with then full of success stories.
I believe... together we would create the needed change!

http://blogactionday.org/js/9bcdfbede4b4e7d045b5f051703e4713818cd2ba

September 15, 2008 | 16:13:43

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 Poverty Around The World - Posted By: Kughan

Inequality is increasing around the world while the world appears to globalize. Even the wealthiest nation has the largest gap between rich and poor compared to other developed nations. In many cases, international politics and various interests have led to a diversion of available resources from domestic needs to western markets. Historically, politics and power play by the elite leaders and rulers have increased poverty and dependency. These have often manifested themselves in wars, hot and cold, which have often been trade- and resource-related. Mercantilist practices, while presented as free trade, still happen today. Poverty is therefore not just an economic issue, it is also an issue of political economics.



September 13, 2008 | 13:38:58

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 Types of poverty... - Posted By: Andrea Arzaba

Poverty....
There are to definitions of poverty I think are the significative...

1. Extreme poverty =
When there is a lack of basic needs such as food, house, education, etc.

2. Poverty =
When there is a lack of other activities but the basic needs.

xx
Andie

September 12, 2008 | 14:39:21

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 Poverty-Definition - Posted By: Kughan

Poverty is the state for the majority of the world’s people and nations. Why is this? Is it enough to blame poor people for their own predicament? Have they been lazy, made poor decisions, and been solely responsible for their plight? What about their governments? Have they pursued policies that actually harm successful development? Such causes of poverty and inequality are no doubt real. But deeper and more global causes of poverty are often less discussed.

Behind the increasing interconnectedness promised by globalization are global decisions, policies, and practices. These are typically influenced, driven, or formulated by the rich and powerful. These can be leaders of rich countries or other global actors such as multinational corporations, institutions, and influential people.

In the face of such enormous external influence, the governments of poor nations and their people are often powerless. As a result, in the global context, a few get wealthy while the majority struggle.



August 31, 2008 | 06:38:03

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 Blog Action Day ...ya es tiempo - Posted By: Mafer


Blog Action Day 2008 Poverty from Blog Action Day on Vimeo

August 25, 2008 | 03:08:00

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